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Science in Africa
Fred Bugenyi is the Director of Research at the Fisheries Research Institute (FIRI) in Jinja, Uganda, an arm of the National Agricultural Research Organization. He received all his higher education, including a Ph.D. in environmental chemistry, at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. Dr. Bugenyi's main research interests are nutrient dynamics in water bodies, physico-chemical aspects of freshwater ecology, and the roles and functions of wetlands and freshwater systems in waste-water treatment. He has been principal investigator on many government- and donor-funded projects on lakes in Uganda, is a member of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL) and the Scientific Advisory Committee of UNESCO's Ecotone Program. Dr. Bugenyi also serves as editor of the African Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries.
Jenny Day is a Senior Lecturer in Zoology, the Director of the Freshwater Research Unit, and Assistant Dean of Science at the University of Cape Town in South Africa, as well as past President of the South African Society of Aquatic Scientists. Born in South Africa and raised mostly in Zambia, Dr. Day is an inland water ecologist with particular interests in invertebrate (especially crustacean) biology, wetlands, and water quality, and was involved in the recent development of new South African national water quality guidelines. She received her training at the University of Cape Town, earning her Ph.D. with a dissertation on cumaceans (marine crustaceans) in 1978. Dr. Day is presently involved in a large project looking at water quality in relation to instream flow requirements and the environmental reserve.
Chris Gordon is a Senior Research Fellow of the Volta Basin Research Project, attached to the Department of Zoology at the University of Ghana. His research interests cover the areas of aquatic resource management, ecotoxicology, and modeling of coastal lagoon and wetland systems. He holds a B.Sc. and an M.Sc. from the University of Ghana, Legon, and a Ph.D. in human environmental science from King's College, University of London. In 1997 he won the Parker-Gentry Award for Conservation Biology, and in 1996 a Visiting Scientist Award from the Global Change System for Analysis Research and Training (IHP-IGBP). Dr. Gordon is a member of the Specialist Group on African Reptiles and Amphibians, World Conservation Union; a member of the Working Group on Freshwater Biodiversity, International Union for Biological Sciences; and a member of two committees of the Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), the Steering Committee for the Biodiversity Working Group and the Committee on Limnology in Developing Countries. Currently Dr. Gordon is coordinating a natural resource management project for British Aid.
Daniel Livingstone received his B.Sc. in biology and his M.Sc. in experimental zoology from Dalhousie University, and his Ph.D. from Yale. Most of his career has been spent at Duke University, where he is now James B. Duke Professor of Zoology and Geology. Along the way he worked part time in the Geochemistry and Petrology Branch of the U.S. Geological Survey, was an ORSTOM missionaire, and a research visitor at the Fisheries Laboratory, Jinja, at MakerereUniversity, and at the Universite de Marseille. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, and was awarded the Hutchinson Medal of the American Society for Limnology and Oceanography. Dr. Livingstone has spent most of his life studying the lakes of tropical Africa, especially the sedimentary record of their history. He is also notable for having survived an attack by a fully adult Nile crocodile!
Zinabu Gebre-Mariam is Associate Professor of Biology and Dean of Awassa College of Agriculture (ACA) in Ethiopia. Dr. Zinabu holds a B.Sc. in biology and an M.Sc. in zoology from Addis Ababa University, receiving his Ph.D in biology from the University of Waterloo in Canada in 1988. Starting as a graduate assistant at ACA in 1978, he has accumulated 20 years of teaching experience at the university level, holding a variety of administrative positions at the college as well along the way. Recent honors include being named winner of the 1995 International Foundation for Science (IFS) King Baudouin Award for excellent report, based on results of his IFS research grant. Dr. Zinabu's current research focuses on the microbial activity and long-term changes in the Ethiopian rift-valley lakes, as well as impacts of effluents from factories on aquatic ecosystems. He has published many papers in international journals in these areas.