Some important IPR-related institutions
were reviewed by Module III faculty, and are briefly described below.
- WIPO: The World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) is an international organization dedicated to
ensuring that the rights of creators and owners of intellectual property
are protected worldwide. Nearly 90 percent of the world’s countries
are members of WIPO.
- WTO: The World Trade Organization (WTO)
was established in 1995 as the successor to GATT--the General Agreement
on Tariffs and Trade. The mission of the WTO is to reduce trade barriers
- UPOV: The International Union for the
Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) is an intergovernmental
organization with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. It is based
on the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties
of Plants, as revised since its signature in Paris on December 2,
1961. The objective of the Convention is to provide intellectual property
protection for new varieties of plants.
- ARIPO: The African Regional Industrial
Property Organization (ARIPO) is a regional intellectual property
rights organization for anglophone Africa, with member states from
western, southern, eastern, and central Africa. ARIPO was originally
founded in 1976 with assistance from WIPO and the UN Economic Commission
- OAPI: The African Organization of Intellectual
Property (OAPI) is similar to ARIPO, but serves francophone Africa.