News: AAAS News & Notes
AAAS Chosen to Lead Effort to Improve Science Education
In 1989, when AAAS's Project 2061 published its first book, Science for All Americans, the authors described the nation's science and mathematics textbooks in terms that have since become familiar to policymakers and educators nationwide.
"The present science textbooks and methods of instruction, far from helping, often actually impede progress toward science literacy," the book said. "They emphasize the learning of answers more than the exploration of questions, memory at the expense of critical thought, bits and pieces of information instead of understandings in context, recitation over argument, reading in lieu of doing."
AAAS's Atlas of Science Literacy is among the tools playing a role in the new Center for Curriculum Materials in Science.
Now, thanks to a 5-year, $9.9-million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Project 2061 has an opportunity to take its work to a new level, with a program that will allow it to have a long-term impact on curriculum research and development, on the graduate schools that prepare the professionals who educate teachers, and on the methods and materials used to teach science and mathematics to American schoolchildren. With three midwestern universities as partnersMichigan State University, the University of Michigan, and Northwestern UniversityAAAS will create a "Center for Learning and Teaching," one of three funded this year by NSF to expand the nation's "intellectual infrastructure" for teaching science, mathematics, engineering and technology.
"What is exciting to me is how much of our work is coming together in this center," said Jo Ellen Roseman, acting director of Project 2061, which was begun in 1985 to transform the way science and mathematics are taught in the United States.
"We've developed guidelines for how materials should be designed, and for judging what constitutes good teaching, and now we have the opportunity to put all that expertise to work."
As one of the NSF's five Centers for Learning and Teaching (CLT), the new Center for Curriculum Materials in Science is being asked to respond to the challenges cited by NSF in a 3 May document requesting proposals for its CLT grant program.
"The need to replace a large number of educators who are expected to retire over the next decade is widely understood, and recent studies have indicated that many inadequately prepared educators enter the profession each year," according to NSF's "program solicitation" for its Centers for Learning and Teaching grant program. "Replenishing and diversifying the instructional workforce, K16, and conducting ongoing research related to learning and teaching across the spectrum of these activities are clear national needs."
These are also among the goals of the new AAAS center, Roseman said. The partners have agreed to build up the field of professionals with advanced degrees who will become the future designers of instructional materials; to train science teachers and other professionals; and to conduct research that will guide the development of instructional materials for science, "at the highest level."
"We are working with smart, committed people," Roseman said. "The center will bring together scientists, education researchers, teacher education faculty, and local schoolteachers from the Chicago Public Schools, the Detroit Public Schools, and the Lansing School District."
David Campbell, program director for the NSF's Division of Elementary, Secondary and Informal Education, noted that the AAAS proposal had "filled a niche in the area of the development of instructional materials."
Together, the 10 NSF centers will work, "to enrich and diversify the national infrastructure for standards-based science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education," Campbell said.
For more information on AAAS's contribution to this national effort, see www.aaas.org.
AAAS Members Elected as Fellows
In September the AAAS Council elected 291 members as Fellows of AAAS. These individuals will be recognized for their contributions to science at the Fellows Forum to be held on 15 February 2003 during the AAAS Annual Meeting in Denver. The new Fellows will receive a certificate and a blue and gold rosette pin as a symbol of their distinguished accomplishments. Presented by section affiliation, they are:
Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources
Gordon R. Conway, Rockefeller Foundation Katrina Cornish, USDA-ARS Western Regional Research Ctr., Albany, CA David Glenn Gilchrist, Univ. of California, Davis Robert M. Goodman, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison Prem P. Jauhar, USDA-ARS Northern Crop Science Lab., Fargo, ND David A. Knauft, Univ. of Georgia, Athens Jan E. Leach, Kansas State Univ. P. K. R. Nair, Univ. of Florida William L. Ogren, Hilton Head, SC Michael K. Rust, Univ. of California, Riverside Edward John Sadler, USDA-ARS Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Ctr., Florence, SC Barbara O. Schneeman, Univ. of California, Davis Paul A. Seib, Kansas State Univ. Steven A. Slack, Ohio State Univ., Wooster
James M. Adovasio, Mercyhurst College, Erie, PA Eric Delson, American Museum of Natural History Donald K. Grayson, Univ. of Washington Nina Grace Jablonski, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco George R. Milner, Pennsylvania State Univ. Christopher B. Ruff, Johns Hopkins Univ. Eugenie C. Scott, National Ctr. for Science Education, Oakland, CA Bonnie W. Styles, Illinois State Museum, Springfield Milford H. Wolpoff, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Richard Salisbury Ellis, California Institute of Technology Richard Tresch Fienberg, Sky & Telescope, Cambridge, MA Scott J. Kenyon, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA Jonathan I. Lunine, Univ. of Arizona Carolyn S. Shoemaker, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ Jill Cornell Tarter, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA
Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences
Janet Arey, Univ. of California, Riverside Hugh William Ducklow, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA James Neville Galloway, Univ. of Virginia Margaret S. Leinen, National Science Foundation Robert L. Molinari, NOAA, Miami, FL H. Göte Östlund, Univ. of Miami Stephen E. Schwartz, Brookhaven National Lab. Anne M. Thompson, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr., Greenbelt, MD
Michael E. Adams, Univ. of California, Riverside J. David Allan, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor Marjorie A. Asmussen, Univ. of Georgia Mary Ann Baker, Univ. of California, Riverside Kathryn Barton, Carnegie Institute of Washington, Stanford, CA Raymond T. Bauer, Univ. of Louisiana, Lafayette James A. Birchler, Univ. of Missouri, Columbia Wendy Jean Farmer Boss, North Carolina State Univ. Michael D. Breed, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder Stephen D. Cairns, National Museum of Natural History Judy Callis, Univ. of California, Davis Clinton Charles Spencer Chapple, Purdue Univ. Nancy L. Craig, Johns Hopkins Univ. Thomas W. Cronin, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore Margaret E. Daub, North Carolina State Univ. Helen Jean Conrad Davies, Univ. of Pennsylvania Paula T. DePriest, National Museum of Natural History Richard A. Dixon, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK Susan E. Fahrback, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana Darryl L. Felder, Univ. of Louisiana, Lafayette David William Gailbraith, Univ. of Arizona Charles S. Gasser, Univ. of California, Davis Carol A. Gross, Univ. of California, San Francisco M. G. Harasewych, National Museum of Natural History Christopher J. Humphries, Natural History Museum, London, England Christon Hurst, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati Susan S. Kilham, Drexel Univ. W. John Kress, National Museum of Natural History Leonard Krishtalka, Univ. of Kansas Philip Leder, Harvard Medical School, Boston Rafael Lemaitre, National Museum of Natural History Michael J. Lichten, National Cancer Institute Chentao Lin, Univ. of California, Los Angeles Jean Lodge, USDA Forest Service, Luquillo, PR James Mallet, Univ. College London Marc Mangel, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz Michael A. Mares, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman Joachim Messing, Rutgers Univ. Richard W. Michelmore, Univ. of California, Davis Jon Laurence Norenburg, National Museum of Natural History Frank V. Paladino, Indiana Univ.-Purdue Univ., Fort Wayne, IN Margaret A. Palmer, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Norman I. Platnick, American Museum of Natural History Richard Scott Poethig, Univ. of Pennsylvania Ralph S. Quatrano, Washington Univ. Alexander S. Raikhel, Univ. of California, Riverside Tom Ray, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman Jeffrey W. Roberts, Cornell Univ. Derek A. Roff, Univ. of California, Riverside John T. Rotenberry, Univ. of California, Riverside Robert Schleif, Johns Hopkins Univ. Frederick R. Schram, Univ. of Amsterdam James N. Siedow, Duke Univ. Brian Harvey Smith, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Michael L. Smith, Conservation International, Washington, DC Mark S. Springer, Univ. of California, Riverside Catherine L. Squires, Tufts Univ. Medical School, Boston David L. Strayer, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY Prue Talbot, Univ. of California, Riverside James D. Thomas, National Coral Reef Institute, Dania, FL Stewart Nelson Thompson, Univ. of California, Riverside Robert M. Timm, Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence James W. Valentine, Univ. of California, Berkeley Alexander J. Varshavsky, California Institute of Technology Elizabeth Vierling, Univ. of Arizona Richard D. Vierstra, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison Rytas Vilgalys, Duke Univ. Kathleen C. Weathers, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY Quentin D. Wheeler, National Science Foundation Andrew Wright, Tufts Univ. Medical School, Boston Keith Robert Yamamoto, Univ. of California, San Francisco Gerben John Zylstra, Rutgers Univ.
Richard Neil Armstrong, Vanderbilt Univ. Moungi G. Bawendi, Massachusetts Institute of Technology David N. Beratan, Duke Univ. David E. Bergbreiter, Texas A&M Univ., College Station David C. Clary, Univ. College London Luis Echegoyen, Clemson Univ. Juli Feigon, Univ. of California, Los Angeles Robert W. Field, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Robin L. Garrell, Univ. of California, Los Angeles Robert J. Gordon, Univ. of Illinois, Chicago Samuel O. Grim, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Angela M. Gronenborn, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases John Charles Hemminger, Univ. of California, Irvine Susan H. Hixson, National Science Foundation Paul L. Houston, Cornell Univ. Kim D. Janda, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA Laura L. Kiessling, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison David S. Kliger, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz Marie E. Krafft, Florida State Univ. Dennis C. Liotta, Emory Univ. Seth R. Marder, Univ. of Arizona Dale L. Perry, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. George M. Rubottom, National Science Foundation David H. Russell, Texas A&M Univ., College Station Alfred P. Sattelberger, Los Alamos National Lab. Henry F. Schaefer III, Univ. of Georgia Giacinto Scoles, Princeton Univ. G. Warren Smith II, Slippery Rock Univ. Maria Tomasz, CUNY-Hunter College Isiah M. Warner, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge Peter Wipf, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences
Lars Erik Hammarstrom, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden
Allan Collins, BBN Technologies, Cambridge, MA Arthur Eisenkraft, Ossining, NY Shirley Frye, Numerics, Inc., Cave Creek, AZ Sue V. Rosser, Georgia Institute of Technology Lee S. Shulman, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Menlo Park, CA Juliana Texley, Anchor Bay School District, New Baltimore, MI
Mikhail A. Anisimov, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Taft H. Broome Jr., Howard Univ. Mitra Dutta, Univ. of Illinois, Chicago Thomas W. Eagar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology John J. Gilman, Univ. of California, Los Angeles Charles N. Haas, Drexel Univ. Dennis W. Hess, Georgia Institute of Technology Nick Holonyak Jr., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana Asad M. Madni, BEI Technologies, Inc., Sylmar, CA Arunava Majumdar, Univ. of California, Berkeley Christine M. Mazier, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis Priscilla P. Nelson, National Science Foundation Stuart O. Nelson, USDA Richard B. Russell Agricultural Research Ctr., Athens, GA Donald L. Nuss, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Henry M. Paynter, Pittsford, VT Lisa A. Pruitt, Univ. of California, Berkeley Mary J. Sansalone, Cornell Univ. Subhas K. Sikdar, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati Craig F. Smith, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Kim A. Stelson, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis Lung-Wen Tsai, Univ. of California, Riverside Kambiz Vafai, Univ. of California, Riverside Jeffrey Wadsworth, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Felix E. Zajac, V.A. Palo Alto Health Care System
General Interest in Science and Engineering
Steven T. Case, Univ. of Mississippi Medical Ctr., Jackson Lynne Timpani Friedmann, Friedmann Communications, Solana Beach, CA Elizabeth S. Ivey, Bloomfield, CT Leon Jaroff, East Hampton, NY
Geology and Geography
Thomas John Baerwald, National Science Foundation John C. Behrendt, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder Enzo Boschi, Instituto Nazionale de Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, Italy Peter Dodson, Univ. of Pennsylvania William L. Fisher, Univ. of Texas, Austin Billy P. Glass, Univ. of Delaware Eric C. Grimm, Illinois State Museum, Springfield David P. Hill, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA Philip A. Meyers, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor Richard J. O'Connell, Harvard Univ. C. Wylie Poag, U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole, MA Charles T. Prewitt, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC Lorin R. Stieff, Stieff Research & Development Co., Inc., Kensington, MD Billie Lee Turner II, Clark Univ.
History and Philosophy of Science
Bruce V. Lewenstein, Cornell Univ. John William Servos, Amherst College
Industrial Science and Technology
George F. Farris, Rutgers Univ.
Information, Computing, and Communication
Laxmi N. Bhuyan, Univ. of California, Riverside Doris L. Carver, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge Donald P. Greenberg, Cornell Univ. Jose-Marie Griffiths, Univ. of Pittsburgh Donald H. Kraft, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge Ray R. Larson, Univ. of California, Berkeley Steve Lawrence, NEC Research Institute, Princeton, NJ John L. Schnase, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr., Greenbelt, MD Bart Selman, Cornell Univ. Moshe Vardi, Rice Univ. Donald J. Waters, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York City
Linguistics and Language Science
D. Terence Langendoen, Univ. of Arizona Philip E. Rubin, National Science Foundation
Ronald R. Coifman, Yale Univ. Jack D. Cowan, Univ. of Chicago Fan Chung Graham, Univ. of California, San Diego Frank Charles Hoppensteadt, Arizona State Univ. H. Jeff Kimble, California Institute of Technology Jeffrey C. Lagarias, AT&T Shannon Labs., Florham Park, NJ Edward Nelson, Princeton Univ.
Richard F. Ambinder, Johns Hopkins Univ. Joel Barry Baseman, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr., San Antonio Christine A. Biron, Brown Univ. Richard J. Courtney, Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine, Hershey Albert de la Chapelle, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Mark Donowitz, Johns Hopkins Univ. Stephen M. Feinstone, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD Eli Glatstein, Univ. of Pennsylvania Hospital Peter M. Howley, Harvard Medical School, Boston Eric Hunter, Univ. of Alabama, Birmingham Lindsey Marion Hutt-Fletcher, Univ. of Missouri, Kansas City Richard L. Kempson, Stanford Univ. Elise Kohn, National Cancer Institute Timothy James Ley, Washington Univ. Dennis J. O'Callaghan, Louisiana State Univ., Shreveport Don Watson Powell, Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston Owen M. Rennert, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Priscilla Blakeney Wyrick, East Tennessee State Univ.
David Jeffrey Anderson, California Institute of Technology Pat R. Levitt, Univ. of Pittsburgh John H. R. Maunsell, Baylor College of Medicine Richard K. Nakamura, National Institute of Mental Health Steven E. Petersen, Washington Univ. Larry William Swanson, Univ. of Southern California Gary L. Westbrook, Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland Nancy Sabin Wexler, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City Huda Y. Zoghbi, Baylor College of Medicine
Richard F. Borch, Purdue Univ. David C.-K. Chu, Univ. of Georgia Susan M. Daluge, Glaxo Smith Kline, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC Charlene A. McQueen, Univ. of Arizona Roy D. Schwarz, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Ann Arbor, MI
David E. Aspnes, North Carolina State Univ. James D. Bjorken, Redwood City, CA Karl W. Böer, Univ. of Delaware Elias Burstein, Univ. of Pennsylvania J. Robert Dorfman, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Igor E. Dzyaloshinskii, Univ. of California, Irvine Arthur J. Epstein, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Frank Franz, Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville Arthur J. Freeman, Northwestern Univ. Claus-Konrad Gelbke, Michigan State Univ. Yogendra M. Gupta, Washington State Univ. Victor E. Henrich, Yale Univ. Chris J. Jacobsen, State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook John D. Joannopoulos, Massachusetts Institute of Technology William T. Oosterhuis, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD Julia M. Phillips, Sandia National Labs. S. Peter Rosen, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD Thomas P. Russell, Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst William F. Saam, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Costas M. Soukoulis, Iowa State Univ. J. Pace VanDevender, Sandia National Labs.
Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Columbia Univ. Merrill F. Garrett, Univ. of Arizona Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Alan G. Kraut, American Psychological Society, Washington, DC Charles A. Nelson, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis Randy J. Nelson, Ohio State Univ., Columbus Denise C. Park, Univ. of Michigan Elizabeth Anya Phelps, New York Univ. Lynn C. Robertson, Univ. of California, Berkeley Elizabeth S. Spelke, Harvard Univ. Jeremy M. Wolfe, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston
Social, Economic, and Political Sciences
Hans P. Binswanger, The World Bank, Washington, DC Barbara Entwisle, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Daniel S. Nagin, Carnegie Mellon Univ. Joseph P. Newhouse, Harvard Medical School, Boston Harriet B. Presser, Univ. of Maryland, College Park Ortwin Renn, Ctr. for Technology Assessment, Stuttgart, Germany Alvin Richard Tarlov, Rice Univ.
Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering
Barbara Lyn Belmont, Gardena, CA David H. Guston, Rutgers Univ. Jeremy Sugarman, Duke Univ. Charles Weiss Jr., Georgetown Univ.
David Haussler, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz Robert E. Kass, Carnegie Mellon Univ. Nancy Margaret Reid, Univ. of Toronto Wing Hung Wong, Harvard Univ.