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AAAS Award Winners Have Had a Positive Impact for Science and Humanity
ST. LOUIS — An accomplished group of scientists and educators have been named the winners of AAAS’s annual awards, which represent some of the highest honors in science. They work in different fields and pursue different goals, but the 2005 AAAS award winners all have had a positive impact for science and humanity.
The announcements were made on the eve of the AAAS Annual Meeting, which will bring together thousands of researchers, educators, science aficionados and journalists from around the world to hear about some of the latest advances across the fields of science and engineering.
The awards will be presented Saturday 18 February in a ceremony beginning at 11:30 a.m. in the Renaissance Grant Hotel in St. Louis.
Michaels is the winner of the 2005 AAAS Award for Scientific
Freedom and Responsibility, honored or his commitment to obtaining
justice for workers who became ill after working in nuclear weapons
programs and for advocating scientific integrity in public policy-making.
Michaels is research professor and associate chair in the Department
of Environmental and Occupational Health at George Washington University’s
School of Public Health and Health Services, and directs the department’s
doctoral program. From 1998 to 2001, Michaels served as Assistant
Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health at the U.S. Department
of Energy, where he championed a decades-long struggle by workers
who were seeking compensation for chronic and often fatal illnesses
that may have been caused by exposure to materials used in the U.S.
nuclear weapons program. Michaels took on powerful interests in
his own agency and in the U.S. Department of Defense to uncover
previously secret records documenting exposure to radiation and
beryllium at work sites, as well as more than two dozen scientific
studies demonstrating the high risk of cancer deaths among these
R. Augustine, former chief executive officer of Lockheed
Martin Corp., won the 2005 AAAS Philip Hauge Abelson Prize. Augustine
was cited for his outstanding contributions to U.S. science and
technology policy, his unrelenting work to maintain U.S. scientific
and technological preeminence and his initiatives to strengthen
the scientific partnerships between academia, industry and government.
Augustine’s distinguished career spans 40 years and includes
volunteer service to the government and science and technology communities.
Today he is a member of the President’s Council of Advisors
on Science and Technology and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s
Advisory Council. Augustine “has helped to ensure that the
United States remains at the forefront of scientific capability,
thereby enhancing our ability to shape and improve our nation’s
and the world’s future,” said Alan I Leshner, AAAS CEO
and executive publisher of the journal Science.
Browne, a chemistry professor and the Bertha Phillips
Rodger Chair in Chemistry at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts,
received the 2005 AAAS Mentor Award for Lifetime Achievement. Being
the first in her extended family to complete high school, Browne
overcame significant obstacles through the mentorship of teachers
who encouraged her to envision a bigger future than she could see
at that time. Today, Browne is an accomplished physical organic
chemist. Browne has directed the bachelor’s or master’s
theses of 79 women, 28 of whom went on to doctoral degrees and 31
of whom were minorities, and directed the doctoral work of two women.
L. Butler-Perry, an engineering professor at Texas
A&M University, won the 2005 AAAS Mentor Award. She has mentored
18 underrepresented students through the doctoral level and has
positively affected the lives of scores more undergraduate and graduate
students both in the electrical engineering and computer sciences
areas. To support student mentoring, Butler-Perry has secured grants
from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Sloan Foundation
and the NSF. Butler-Perry has been faculty advisor to the university’s
chapters of the National Society of Black Engineers and the Society
of Women Engineers; she initiated the Engineering Graduate Invitational
at Texas A&M, which targets underrepresented students in engineering
and encourages participants from minority-serving institutions.
Lubchenco has been named the winner of the 2005 AAAS
Public Understanding of Science and Technology Award for her exemplary
commitment to initiatives that communicate science and technology
to broadly diverse audiences, ranging from business leaders to church
groups and children. A marine ecologist by training, Lubchenco is
engaged in a wide range activities to help address serious environmental
problems by making the best possible information more accessible
to government leaders and the public. She is the Wayne and Gladys
Valley Professor of Marine Biology and Distinguished Professor of
Zoology at Oregon State University.
- A team
of Russian and American scientists won the 2005 International
Scientific Cooperation Award. The winners are Kyle T. Alfriend,
Paul J. Cefola, Felix R. Hoots and P. Kenneth Seidelmann from the
United States, and Andrey I. Nazarenko, Vasiliy S. Yurasov and Stanislav
S. Veniaminov from Russia. Once adversaries, these dedicated scientists
are honored for both their determination to transcend numerous limitations
to collaboration and their pioneering work to advance state-of-the-art
space surveillance in both countries for the benefit of the worldwide
astrodynamics community and the safety of human activity in space.
- A 2004 Science paper showing the spin effects in semiconducting materials induced by electric fields along the length of the material has won the AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize, the oldest award conferred by AAAS. The researchers are Yuichiro K. Kato, Roberto C. Myers, Arthur C. Gossard and David Awschalom. In a paper published 10 December 2004, they reported observing the spin Hall effect, the first time it has been seen in an experiment. The prize is supported by Affymetrix Inc., a pioneer in creating breakthrough tools that are driving the genomic revolution.
Read All About It!
For more AAAS news from the 2006 Annual Meeting in St. Louis, Mo., click here.
[To see full stories on each of the awards, as well as coverage of some of the top people and key presentations in St. Louis, visit the AAAS Annual Meeting news page.]
Edward W. Lempinen
15 February 2006