Investigating Land Use and Land Cover Change in Bahrain: 1987-2013
Date Published: 
22 April 2014
 
Large-scale land cover and land use change is apparent between 1973-2013.
Images NASA | Analysis AAAS

At the request of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR), the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) used a time series of satellite imagery to examine land use and land cover changes that have taken place in The Kingdom of Bahrain using an unsupervised classification algorithm to assess land use and land cover changes in Bahrain between 1983 and 2013. 

Findings assess three phenomena: 1) the extent of land reclamation; 2) changes in vegetation; and 3) urbanization. Substantial changes in vegetation patterns were observed, including the loss of vegetation in the area around Tubli Bay and the conversion of land in the west and center of the island into agriculture and landscaped vegetation. In addition, the amount of built up area on the island more than doubled from 76.2 km2 to 155 km2. These observations represent major changes in the land use and land cover of Bahrain that will impact the environment in as yet unknown ways. 

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Investigating Land Use and Land Cover Change in Bahrain: 1987-2013