Providing timely, comprehensive, and independent analyses of federal research & development funding trends since 1976.

 
 

Historical Trends in Federal R&D

jeffersonThe below charts and tables present a range of federal R&D data series, including research budgets by agency, character and discipline. Most data come from annual AAAS R&D budget reports. Additionally, some charts below rely on data collected by the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and from the historical tables provided by the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), via the President’s budget request. Constant-dollar conversions (adjusting for inflation) use OMB’s chained price index, found in historical table 10.1 from the most recent budget request. If you have any questions, or are looking for data you don’t see below, contact us.

General Overview | By Agency | By Character | By Discipline | National Totals


General Overview

Series Chart Data Last Update
Defense, Nondefense, and Total R&D, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Federal R&D as a Percent of GDP, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
By Function: Defense and Nondefense R&D, 1953-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
By Function: Nondefense Only, 1953-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
R&D as a Percent of Discretionary Spending, 1962-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
R&D as a Percent of the Total Federal Budget, 1962-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Federal R&D and Facilities Funding by Performer, 1967-2014 JPG Excel May 2015
U.S. Global Change Research Program Budget JPG Excel May 2015
National Nanotechnology Initiative Budget JPG Excel May 2015
Networking and IT R&D Program Budget JPG Excel May 2015

 

By Agency

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total R&D by Agency, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Trends in Defense R&D, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Dept. of Defense Science & Technology, 1990-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Dept. of Defense R&D by Military Department, 1991-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
National Institutes of Health Budget by Institute, 1998-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
National Institutes of Health Budget by Funding Mechanism, 1998-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Dept. of Energy R&D, 1997-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
National Science Foundation Budget, 1998-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
U.S. Department of Agriculture R&D, 2000-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Dept. of Commerce R&D, 2000-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Dept. of Homeland Security R&D, 2002-2016 JPG Excel May 2015

 

By Character

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total Research by Agency, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Basic Research by Agency, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Applied Research by Agency, 1976-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Development by Agency, 2000-2016 JPG Excel May 2015
Total Research by Performer, 1967-2014 JPG Excel May 2015
Basic Research by Performer, 1967-2014 JPG Excel May 2015
Applied Research by Performer, 1967-2014 JPG Excel May 2015
Development by Performer, 1967-2014 JPG Excel May 2015

 

By Discipline

Series Chart Data Last Update
Federal Research Funding by Discipline, 1970-2014 JPG Excel May 2015
See also the R&D by Discipline page on this site.

 

National Totals

Series Chart Data Last Update
National R&D By Funder, 1953-2012 JPG Excel May 2014
National R&D By Funder (Share of Total) JPG
National R&D By Performer, 1953-2012 JPG Excel May 2014
National R&D By Performer (Share of Total) JPG
University S&E R&D Funding by Source, 1990-2012 JPG Excel May 2014
International R&D Intensity, 1995-2012 JPG Excel May 2014

 

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