Profiles of Women in STE in Qatar
|Literacy Rate (2004)||88.6%|
|Primary School Enrollment (2004)||90%|
|Secondary School Enrollment (1995 – 1999)||79%|
|Tertiary School Enrollment (2000)||46.2%|
|Percentage of Women among Students Studying Science(1995/1996)||12.1%|
|Percentage of Women among Students Studying Medicine(1995/1996)||0%|
|Percentage of Women among Students Studying Engineering
|2006 Female Labor Force Participation Rate:||14%|
|Wage Equality for Similar Work (Ratio of women’s wage to men’s wage)||N/A|
|Enterprise-Level Policies to Combat and Prevent Sexual Harassment||N/A|
- Education in Qatar is compulsory until the age of 18 and free at all levels. The schools are gender segregated, even at the university levels. Primary school enrollment stands at a high 90% for girls and at 79% for secondary school. Gender equality index in 1995-1999 reflect practically equal enrollment among girl and boy students at 0.99 for both primary and secondary schools. In 1990-1994, the ratio in tertiary school enrollment was 2.80, and in 1995-1999 it was 2.93 showing female enrollment in universities far exceed male enrollment . Enrollment at the tertiary level for women remains one of the highest in the region at 46.2%. Despite the marked presence of women in universities, only a small percent chooses to study the sciences. Most women still feel pressured to focus on the arts or humanities.
- Women make up 14% of the total workforce and 26% of the Qatari national workforce. Much of this is unpaid labor. Though there are few legal restrictions imposed on women when choosing their own professions, family and social pressures usually influence women to choose the service sectors .
- Recent laws stipulate that men and women be paid equally. However, it still restricts women from working jobs that are hard, hazardous, unsafe or morally harmful, or of other nature defined by Ministerial decision. Additionally, there are no laws protecting women from sexual harassment in the workplace, or ensuring equal employment benefits . The legal system also fails to protect women against discrimination, places restrictions on the freedom of movement, allows the mistreatment of domestic workers, and limits women’s freedom to organize and advocate for their rights.