Profiles of Women in STE in Tunisia

Education:

Literacy Rate (2006)  65%
Primary School Enrollment (2006)  98%
Secondary School Enrollment (2006)  69%
Tertiary School Enrollment (2006)  33%
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Science
(1990/1991 School year)
 12%
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Medicine
(1990/1991 School year)
 15%
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Engineering
(1990/1991 School year)
 7%

Employment:

2006 Female Labor Force Participation Rate:  29%
Wage Equality for Similar Work (Ratio of women’s wage to men’s wage)  0.81
Enterprise-Level Policies to Combat and Prevent Sexual Harassment  4.68
    • Education is free and compulsory up to the age of 16 in Tunisia. In 1995-1999 the ratio of girl to boy students enrolled in primary school was 0.93, and for secondary school it was .095, showing that girls are well represented in schools at the lower levels. There is a slight drop at the tertiary level, where the ratio of women to men students is at 0.80. There is a steady decline in enrollment for women starting from primary to tertiary school. Women in rural areas often do not pursue higher education because of limiting socioeconomic factors. The enrollment rate of women in universities is 33%, and women make up about 56.4% of university students. They are free to choose their field of study, though most stay in the social sciences and humanities. There is a population of women that choose to pursue the sciences.
    • Women make up 29% of the national workforce . Women are present in fields such as dentistry and pharmacology, along with civil service, banking, and law. Women make up 22% of all physicians, and 50% of paramedical staff. 35.7% of women are economically active; however, there is still a high unemployment rate among women . In the health field, a woman’s wage is 95.8% of a man’s wage. In attempts to draw women into the workforce, policies are being implemented to encourage mothers to enter back into the workplace .

 

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