Reports from CAIP Affiliates: National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines

Being the country’s highest recognition and advisory body on science and technology, the National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Philippines continues its primary mandate of giving awards to Filipino scientists in scientific and technological endeavors aimed at advancing the state of Philippine science and technology. In addition to these the Academy regularly conducts advisory activities such as roundtable discussions, science legislative fora and science information fora to bring science and technology closer to the lives of the Filipino people. Proceedings of these activities are forwarded to the President of the Philippines, legislators, administrative agencies and other relevant stakeholders for their appropriate actions.

As early as 1978, the Academy started forging international and national scientific linkages with other science, engineering and technology academies and similar organizations. NAST’s commitment to international and national linkages is aimed at: (1) promoting collaborative efforts among Filipino scientists and between Filipino and foreign scientists; (2) promoting and encouraging scientific cooperation through Scientists Exchange Visit Program under the memorandum of agreement between NAST and a foreign science academy; (3) endorsing participation in international conferences, meetings, fora, seminars, workshops and similar scientific activities; and (4) publishing and exchanging scientific literature.

Scientific networks and linkages of the Academy, both local and international, were further strengthened in 2004 through the active participation of NAST in international meetings and collaborative projects. At the moment, NAST is upholding 23 linkages with counterpart academies and networks.

Scientific Linkages of NAST

International Scientific Linkages

1. Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM)
2. Australian Academy of Sciences (AAS)
3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
4. German Research Society (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft or DFG)
5. Indian National Science Academy (INSA)
6. Korean Academy of Science and Technology (KAST)
7. Malaysian Scientific Association (MSA)
8. Pakistan Academy of Sciences (PAS)
9. Philippine-American Academy of Science and Engineering (PAASE)
10. Royal Society of London (RSL)
11. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (RSAS)
12. Turkish Academy of Sciences (TBA)
13. US National Academy of Sciences (US NAS)
14. Affiliations to International Scientific Networks
15. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
16. Association of Academies of Science in Asia (AASA)
17. ASEAN council of Academies of Science and Engineering (ASEAN-CASE)
18. Federation of Asian Scientific Academies and Societies (FASAS),br> 19. Inter Academy Panel (IAP)
20. Inter Academy Council (IAC)
21. Inter Academy Medical Panel (IAMP)
22. Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)
23. Third World Network of Scientific Organizations (TWNSO)

Local Scientific Linkages

1. Center for BioMolecular Science Foundation, Inc. (CBMFS)
2. Center for Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
3. Confederation of Scientific and Professional Organizations Region &, Inc. (COSPO) and Department of Science and Technology Regional Office No. 7 (DOST 7)
4. Philippine Association for the Advancement of Science (PhilAAS)
5. Outstanding Young Scientists, Inc. (OYSI)

Participation in International Meetings

  • FASAS Council Meeting and the Second International Conference on Primary and Secondary School Science and Mathematics Education. Academician Perla D. Santos Ocampo, NAST President attended the FASAS Council Meeting and FASAS Brainstorming Session on 17 and 18 June 2004, respectively, at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, where plans for the FASAS forthcoming activities were discussed. Further, Academician Santos Ocampo, together with Dr. Filma G. Brawner, Deputy Director of the Science Education Institute represented the Philippines in the Second International Conference on Primary and Secondary School Science and Mathematics Education, which was held concurrent with the meeting.
  • 5th AASA General Assembly and International Symposium on Utilization of Renewable Energy. Academician Ceferino L. Follosco, NAST Executive Council Member, represented the Academy in the 5th AASA General Assembly and the International Symposium on Utilization of Renewable Energy on 26-30 September at Dalian, China.
  • InterAcademy Medical Panel. Academician Santos Ocampo attended the second meeting of the Advisory Committee to the Editors (ACE) and the Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (DCPP) editors on 1-4 December 2004 at the Pasteur Institute, Paris, France. These are initiatives of the InterAcademy Panel.

Scientists Exchange Visit Program

One of the provisions of the memorandum of agreement (MOA) that the Academy has signed with other counterpart academies is that NAST and the counterpart academy can embark on short study visits and exchange information materials such as scientific publications. Anent to this, four respected scientists from Germany, India and Malaysia visited the Philippines to share their expertise with their local counterparts.

Drs. Frank Thomallia and Richard Klein of the Potsdam Institut for Klimaforschung visited the Philippines on March 4, 2004 and met with Dr. Florentino O. Tesoro, Department of Science and Technology DOST Undersecretary for Regional Operation Services and Officer-in-Charge of PAGASA. During their stay, the two scientists presented a lecture entitled Tropical Vulnerability Assessment which proposed to form a partnership between UP Diliman, UP Los Baos, and PAGASA. Other countries involved in the collaboration are Philippines, Bangladesh and India.

Dr. Sudhindra Nath Panda, Associate Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology visited the Philippines under the bilateral agreement between NAST and the Indian National Science Academy (INSA). During his three-week visit, from 4-18 July 2004, he delivered lectures on Water management of rainfed crops and Optimum design of on-farm reservoir for rainwater harvesting and recycling for rainfed crops in eastern India at the International Rice Research Institute, Los Baos, Laguna. Dr. Khalijah Mohd Salleh, is an Associate Professor at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and a fellow of the Academy of Sciences in Malaysia (ASM), one of NAST counterparts in Malaysia. She is one of the recognized experts on science and mathematics education in Malaysia. She visited the Philippines from 24-27 November and on 25 November; she delivered a paper entitled Creativity in Mathematics and Science Education during the 7th Annual Convention of the Philippine Association for the Gifted (PAG).

NAST-TWAS Science Prize

Since 1990, NAST TWAS Science Prize is an award given to an outstanding young Filipino by the Academy (NAST) and the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS). As of 2004, a total of 15 winners have received the said award.

Co-sponsored Activities

  • Policy Forum on Science Capacity. In response to the Inter Academy Panel’s request to disseminate the information in the IAC report Inventing a Better Future, the Academy, in partnership with the Planning and Evaluation Services of the Department of Science and Technology, conducted the Policy Forum on Science Capacity Building on 19 August 2004 at the DOST Executive Lounge. Academician Ledivina V. Cario, one of the authors of the report, delivered a short presentation based on the report. Panelists from the different sectors, such as Dr. Catherine Castaeda of CHED, representing academe, Academician Angel L. Lazaro III and Dr. Antonio Villaflor (industry) and Undersecretary Fortunato de la Pea (government) gave their reactions to the report.
  • 53rd Annual Convention of PhilAAS. Together with PhilAAS, the Academy co-sponsored the 53rd PhilAAS Annual Convention held on 9-10 September 2004 in Cebu. The two-day convention was divided into three symposium: Food Security; Food Safety; and Food Sustainability, Food Technology and Engineering. Fourteen papers focusing on these topics were presented. Acd. Ramon C. Barba and Miss Samarita represented NAST.
  • 7th Annual Convention of the PAG. The Academy co-sponsored the 7th Annual Convention of the Philippine Association for the Gifted (PAG) held on 25 and 26 November 2004 at the Holiday Inn Galleria, Mandaluyong City. With the theme Creative Options in Science and Mathematics Education,NAST invited. Dr. Khalijah Mohd Salleh, fellow from the Academy of Science Malaysia to present a paper on the topic.

Regular membership in the Academy is confined to scientists who are citizens and residents of the Philippines. In 2002?, NAST opened two categories of membership the Corresponding and Honorary Memberships – aimed at honoring scientists and engineers who are not citizens and/or residents of the country.

The Corresponding Membership is conferred to non-resident Filipino scientists who have made exemplary contributions to the advancement of science in the country. It is an honorific title without any monetary benefits and voting rights. Aside from the same qualifications as the regular members, they must have continuing connections and contributions to Philippine science. They should regularly come to the Philippines to practice their fields of expertise. Filipino citizenship and residency are waived as long as the first three qualifications are met. At present, the Academy has 4 Corresponding Members namely Academicians Amador C. Muriel, Eduardo A. Padlan, Jose B. Cruz, and Baldomero M. Olivera.

Honorary Members

The Academy recognizes the notable contributions of foreign scientist to the development of science and technology, not only locally but as well as globally through the conferment of Honorary Membership. At present, only Nobel Prize winners who come to the Philippines and deliver a lecture were bestowed with such honor. Dr. Norman Borlaug, the Father of Green Revolution, is an Honorary Member of the Academy.

CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES 2005

JULY DATE AND VENUE

27th Annual Scientific Meeting Food Security, Competitiveness and Sustainability 13-14 July
Awarding Outstanding Young Scientists 14 July
Awarding TWAS Prize for Young Scientist in the Philippines 14 July
Awarding of the NAST-DuPont Talent Search for Young Scientist 14 July

OCTOBER DATE AND VENUE

The 6th General Assembly Meeting of the Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia and International Symposium on Science and Technology of Water in memory of the late Prof. Mu Shik Jhon 11-13 October 2005