The AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy has identified several resources that together serve as a primer for understanding the concept of "science diplomacy."

Science Diplomacy 2015: Scientific Drivers for Diplomacy

Science Diplomacy 2015 - Resources
AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy, April 29, 2015
The AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy hosted a one-day conference that built not only on the policy issues that have been discussed in previous conferences and workshops but critically addressed the scientific drivers for diplomacy. Resources include videos, session presentations, and a conference report.

Neureiter Science Diplomacy Roundtable

Educating for Science Diplomacy
AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy, December 18, 2013
The summary of a roundtable meeting in Washington, DC, where participants discussed the gaps (in topics, resources, and mechanisms) in the current science diplomacy education and training to meet future needs as well as possible integrated or systemic approaches to science diplomacy education and training that may be generally applicable to all international relations professionals.


Science and Diplomacy: A Conceptual Framework
AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy, 2009
This short briefing document outlines the relationship between science and diplomacy, characterized by three basic forms of interaction: diplomacy for science; science in diplomacy; and science for diplomacy. 

New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy
Royal Society and AAAS, January 2010
The report from one of the first international meetings on science diplomacy. The two-day meeting, hosted by the Royal Society (London) and AAAS in June 2009, focused on the international perspectives on the three forms of science and diplomacy and the rising importance of science diplomacy. 

Science & Diplomacy
AAAS, Quarterly Journal
The journal provides a forum for rigorous thought, analysis, and insight to serve stakeholders who develop, implement, or teach all aspects of science and diplomacy. 

National or Regional Approaches

Diplomacy for the 21st Century: Embedding a Culture of Science and Technology Throughout the Department of State 
National Research Council, 2015
This report produced by the U.S. National Academies makes recommendations that the U.S. Department of State can use to take advantage of the United States' science and technology (S&T) capabilities. 

Pervasive Role of Science, Technology, and Health in Foreign Policy: Imperatives for the Department of State [external link]
National Research Council, 1999
This report produced by the U.S. National Academies examined S&T in U.S. foreign policy and argued for increased capacity in the U.S. Department of State to understand S&T dimensions of foreign policy issues. Partly as a result of the study, the position of S&T Adviser to the Secretary of State was created. 

Toward the Reinforcement of Science and Technology Diplomacy [external link]
Japan's Council for Science and Technology Policy, May 2008
One of the few governmental strategic documents focused on science diplomacy, the report from the Japanese government's highest coordinating body for science and technology (S&T) policy provides Japan's perspective of S&T diplomacy and how science and technology and foreign policy can support each other's mutual development. A particular focus is on strategic cooperation with developing countries and Japan's role in international S&T. 

EU International Strategy for Research and Innovation [external link]
European Commission, September 2012
This report focuses on international science cooperation as a way to meet global challenges. 

Science Diplomacy for France [external link]
The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships - Mobility and Attractiveness Policy Directorate), April 2013
This report discusses ways that France can enhance its research contribution to global science and how that relates to support for international strategies.