Executive Branch Host Agencies: Diplomacy, Security & Development Program
- Agency for International Development
- Foreign Agricultural Service of the Department of Agriculture
- Department of Defense
- Department of Homeland Security
- Department of State
- Fogarty International Center
United States Agency for International Development
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), with field missions in Africa, Asia, the Near East, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean, manages U.S. bilateral assistance to developing countries. USAID seeks to promote broadly-based sustainable development.
In addition to supporting the activities of USAID missions, Washington-based staff are responsible for the administration of science and technology efforts of worldwide applicability, for the management of specialized regional and multi-regional projects, and for policy and program coordination. Diplomacy Fellows will work in technical offices at USAID in Washington, DC. The fellowship involves overseas travel to work for limited periods in the field.
Typically, the technical staff with whom Fellows work are involved in the planning, review, monitoring or evaluation of development assistance programs. Fellows have an opportunity to advise and be involved in virtually all aspects of this process and should expect to bring their scientific training to bear broadly on development issues and activities.
Fellows’ assignments relate to sustainable development, with an emphasis on economic growth, the environment, climate change, health, population, democratization, food security, humanitarian assistance and education. Recent placements have included working in the Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade (EGAT) in the Office of Environment and Science Policy as part of the Global Climate Change Team, or in the Office of Natural Resources Management on either the Biodiversity or Forestry Team, placements in the newly formed Bureau for Food Security, or in the Asia and Middle East Bureau in the Office of Technical Support, as a member of the Water Team.
Web site: www.usaid.gov
Foreign Agricultural Service of the Department of Agriculture
The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) works to build new markets and improve the competitiveness of U.S. agriculture in the global marketplace and enhance agricultural productivity in developing nations through market development programs, international trade agreements and negotiations, the collection/analysis of statistics and market information, and through international cooperation.
FAS administers USDA’s export credit guarantee and food aid programs, and helps increase income and food availability in developing nations by mobilizing expertise for agriculturally-led economic growth. FAS manages technical assistance and training to foster economic development and food security (including crop forecasting) in developing nations. It links U.S. and foreign scientists for research collaboration and technology exchanges. It promotes agribusiness development, including harmonization of transportation and product standards, and helps to establish partnerships between U.S. and overseas businesses.
Diplomacy Fellows have been placed in the Office of Scientific and Technical Affairs (OSTA) in the Market Access and Bilateral Issues Division (MABID) in the New Technologies and Production Methods or Plant Branch and in the Office of Capacity Building and Development. Fellows may work on a broad range of subjects, for example, managing the development of U.S. policy and position papers on food, agriculture, rural development, environmental, natural resource and water issues under consideration by international organizations (e.g., the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, or the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture). Trade policy development, and efforts to resolve differences with other nations and promote science-based decision making, particularly relating to animal and plant health and safety might also offer options for Fellows.
Fellows might lead liaison efforts with USAID, the Department of State, multilateral development banks, U.S. universities, or other U.S. and international organizations to facilitate cooperation on international food, science, and technology issues. A rapidly expanding area is biotechnology policy and research collaboration. Fellows might help promote understanding and cooperation among organizations and countries on this evolving science. Similarly, the environment, water issues, and sustainable development represent areas with potential opportunities for Fellows.
Web site: www.fas.usda.gov
Department of Defense (DoD)
AAAS Fellows work with staff involved in the planning, development and oversight of U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) programs. Although not government officials with formal authority over such efforts, Fellows have the opportunity to advise and be involved in virtually all aspects of this process.
Fellows should not expect to work specifically on technical issues related to their dissertations or previous post-doctoral appointments, but rather to apply their technical, organizational, and communication skills to technical and policy issues in DoD. Additionally, Fellows help increase the awareness of DoD and its agencies as a challenging and rewarding career environment for scientists and engineers.
Fellows may have an opportunity to work in one of several offices within the following directorates:
The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (OUSD/AT&L) oversees all matters relating to systems acquisition, research and engineering, economic security, atomic energy, advanced technology, environmental security, logistics and acquisition reform. Although not a research agency, its mission includes all aspects of defense systems development, from basic and applied research, to advanced technology development and systems engineering.OUSD/AT&L deals with a wide array of technical and policy-oriented issues. Some possible examples include chemical weapons disposal, space missions and policy, environmental remediation, U.S.-Russian environmental collaborations, base closure and redevelopment, ballistic missile defense, cooperative threat reduction, R&D funding, weapons testing, acquisition reform, program management policy, counter-proliferation, information technology and information warfare.
The DDR&E is the principal staff advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) and the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense for research and engineering matters.
The Office of Naval Research (ONR) promotes, coordinates, funds and executes the S&T programs of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. Programs are developed and executed nationally through universities, government laboratories, industry and nonprofit organizations. Collaborations with the international S&T community are promoted and developed through ONR Global, an ONR department comprised of several international field offices. ONR provides advice to the Chief of Naval Operations and the Secretary of the Navy on all technical issues, but its primary focus is on the next Navy in development and the Navy after next.
Fellows detailed to ONR will assist in the development and administration of ONR research and educational programs during their assignment to ONR’s home office in Arlington, VA. This assignment may be followed by up to six-months assigned to a defense laboratory or university center conducting Navy research where Fellows will participate in an existing or new S&T research project. ONR Fellows may be offered the opportunity to extend their assignment at ONR for a second year.
The Office of the Secretary of Defense, Director, Cost Analysis and Program Evaluation (OSD/CAPE), conducts independent analysis for and provides independent advice to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense. CAPE’s principal responsibilities include:
- Analyzing, evaluating, and providing alternative plans, programs, and budgets in relation to U.S. defense objectives, projected threats, allied contributions, estimated costs, and resource constraints.
- Reviewing, analyzing, and evaluating programs, including classified programs, for executing approved strategies and policies.
- Providing leadership in developing and promoting improved analytical skills and competencies, tools, data and methods for analyzing national security planning and the allocation of resources.
- Ensuring that the costs, effectiveness, and capabilities of DoD programs, including classified programs, are presented accurately and completely.
- Assessing effects of DoD spending on the U.S. economy, and evaluating alternative policies to ensure that DoD programs can be implemented.
- Analyze and evaluate the capabilities, effectiveness, feasibility, and costs of proposed and alternative forces, weapon systems, and programs.
- Design and/or conduct studies and analyses of the capabilities of U.S., allied, and potential enemy forces.
- Develop and/or validate life-cycle cost estimates of planned or proposed weapon systems.
- Perform cost and/or economic analyses of alternative defense plans and programs.
- Develop better mathematical models and analytical methods for use in Defense analysis.
- Conduct research into economic and fiscal issues of major concern to the Department of Defense.
- Office of the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense; Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs (ATSD/NCB)
This office is the principal staff element of and advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense for all matters concerning the formulation of policy and plans for nuclear energy, nuclear weapons, and chemical and biological defense. It is also directly responsible to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense for matters associated with nuclear weapons safety and security, chemical weapons demilitarization, chemical and biological defense programs, and smoke and obscurants.
Web site: www.dod.gov
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
Innovation and cutting-edge science are more than just buzzwords at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), as AAAS Fellows will discover during their fellowship the department. DHS is at the forefront of a new age of employing science to anticipate, prevent, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, and conduct mission-directed research in science and technology.
Fellows may have an opportunity to work in one of several offices within the following directorates:
- Explosives Division
Focuses on the detection, mitigation, and response to explosives such as improvised explosive devices and suicide bombers.
- Chemical and Biological Division
Conducts analyses for better characterization and prioritization of the threat, develops detection systems to provide early warning of a possible attack so as to minimize exposure and speed treatment of victims, conducts forensic analyses to support attribution, and works with federal partners who have lead responsibilities in decontamination and restoration, agrodefense, and food security.
- Border and Maritime Security Division
Develops, evaluates, and demonstrates technologies and tools for better securing our land and maritime ports of entry. We are pilot testing surveillance and monitoring capabilities to cover vast expanses of remote border and developing and testing security devices and inspection methods to secure the large volume of cargo entering U.S. ports daily.
- Command, Control, & Interoperability Division
Focuses on operable and interoperable communications for emergency responders, security and integrity of the Internet, and development of automated capabilities that “connect-the-dots” to recognize potential threats.
- Human Factors Division
Applies the social and behavioral sciences to improve detection, analysis, and understanding of threats posed by individuals, groups, and radical movements; to support the preparedness, response and recovery of communities impacted by catastrophic events; and to advance national security by integrating human factors into homeland security technologies.
- Infrastructure/Geophysical Division
Focuses on identifying and mitigating the vulnerabilities of the 17 critical infrastructure and key assets that keep our society and economy functioning.
The Office of the Policy Directorate
The Office of Policy Development strengthens homeland security by developing and coordinating policies, planning, and programs that better integrate the Department’s entire prevention, protection, response and recovery mission. One major aspect of the work accomplished by this Office is related to policy development for countermeasures to the deliberate use of biological, chemical, and radiological/nuclear threat agents. The Office also helps address myriad other issues created by the rapidly evolving world of technology that can jeopardize as well as enhance homeland security.
Department of State
The Secretary of State's Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review explicitly calls for an increase to the number of AAAS Fellows at the Department, a testament to the importance of the expertise that the Fellows bring. AAAS Fellows at the State Department will serve in one of the Department's functional or regional bureaus that have responsibility for defining and implementing the foreign policies of the United States. Opportunities vary widely across a broad range of subjects and areas, depending on the office in which the Fellow chooses to work.
Fellows will gain insight into the role of science, technology and engineering in the overall development and execution of U.S. policy, and will interact with many other agencies of the U.S. government, as well as representatives of other countries. Fellows may be involved in coordinating positions with other U.S. government agencies concerning the negotiation of multilateral treaties, or may join a team negotiating an international agreement. International travel may be required. Fellows may respond to queries or suggestions from U.S. embassies abroad and foreign embassies in the U.S., as well as from Congress and the White House, particularly the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
Fellows may serve in functional bureaus such as the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs; the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor; the Bureau of Intelligence and Research; or any of the bureaus which report to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs where science, technology and engineering expertise is vital to the operational missions of their offices. In addition, Fellows are often assigned to the six regional bureaus of the State Department, which include the Bureau of African Affairs, the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, and the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. These are challenging and valuable assignments in offices where science and engineering expertise is traditionally less common, but becoming increasingly important. Fellows in these bureaus may find themselves working with our embassies and foreign partners on a rapidly growing array of critical science and engineering issues.
Within the Department, the AAAS fellowship program is coordinated by the Office of the Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State, which leads strategic efforts to increase S&T capacities in the State Department broadly, offers scientific advice and insights to the Secretary and other high-level officials, and champions the use of science diplomacy as an instrument of smart power and engagement.
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Fogarty supports basic, clinical and applied research and training for U.S. and foreign investigators working in low- and middle-income countries. The Center is the international component of the NIH, addressing global health challenges through innovative and collaborative programs and international partnerships.
Over the past 40 years, support for international biomedical and behavioral research and training by the Fogarty International Center has grown from modest roots-its first year budget totaled $500,000-to the current $67 million that supports the research, training, and capacity-building enterprise in over 100 countries and involving some 5,000 scientists.
Fogarty is the only NIH Center whose exclusive mission is to focus on global health. Over the past two decades, Fogarty support has built significant expertise in training foreign health scientists and building research and public health capacity in low-and middle-income countries. Fogarty partners with 20 Institutes and Centers across the NIH to develop and fund these unique initiatives.
Fellows may have an opportunity to work in one of several offices within the following divisions:
- Division of International Training and Research (DITR)
The international training and research division administers research grants, training grants and fellowship programs at sites in more than 100 countries. Fogarty programs that build the research pipeline are anchored to peer-reviewed research grants and designed to be collaborative, long term and flexible. Nearly a quarter of Fogarty awards are made directly to robust research institutions in the developing world. The remaining grants support scientists at U.S. institutions who collaborate with colleagues abroad. About one-third of Fogarty’s grants focus on scientific discovery, and two-thirds support research training.
- Division of International Epidemiology and Populations Studies (DIEPS)
Fogarty’s in-house scientists conduct research on the epidemiology and mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. Primary concentrations include cross-national studies of mortality patterns with special emphasis on influenza, vector-borne diseases and vaccine-preventable diseases. Since 2000, these scientists, with collaborators in more than 24 countries, have produced research used to guide domes-tic and international policy in the development of countermeasures for potential bioterror agents and public health measures to control the spread of infectious diseases.
Brochures describing Fogarty’s programs and accomplishments:
- The John E. Fogarty International Center: Advancing Science for Global Health
- Pathways to Global Health Research: Strategic Plan 2008 – 2012
- Fogarty at 40: Advancing Science for Global Health
Web site: http://www.fic.nih.gov/