Workshop on Advocacy in Science: Resources

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Advocacy Resource Topics:

Defining Advocacy

Alberts, Bruce. “Policy-making Needs Science.” Science. 330.6009 (December 2001): 1287. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/330/6009/1287.full.pdf

Bauer, Martin; Jensen, Pablo. “The Mobilization of Scientists for Public Engagement.” Public Understanding of Science. 20.3 (2010): 3-11. http://pus.sagepub.com/content/20/1/3.full.pdf+html

Lensch, M. William. “Science Education as Science Advocacy: A Personal View.” World Stem Cell Report. (2010): 34-37. http://www.worldstemcellsummit.com/2010-report-science-education-science-advocacy-personal-view

Martin, A. “Advocacy Dressed Up As Science: Response to Ramney et al.” Animal Conservation. 9.3 (August 2006): 248-249. http://www.undueinfluence.com/AnimalCons_Martin.pdf

Minnis, Donna L.; Stout McPeake, Rebecca J. “An Analysis of Advocacy Within the Wildlife Profession.” Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 6.1 (Spring 2001): 1-10. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10871200152668643

Nielsen, Larry. “Science and Advocacy are Different- And We Need to Keep Them That Way.” Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 6.1 (Spring 2001): 39-47. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10871200152668689

Pielke, Roger A., Jr. “The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics.” Cambridge University Press (2007).

Scott, J. Michael; Rachlow, Janet L.; Lackey, Robert T. “The Science-Policy Interface: What Is an Appropriate Role for Professional Societies.”Bioscience. 58.9 (2008): 865-869. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1641/B580914

Scott, J.Michael; Rachlow, Janet . “Refocusing the Debate About Advocacy.” Conservation Biology. 25.1 (2011):1-3. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01629.x/pdf

Seligman, Edwind R. A ” Propaganda by Public Untility Corporations” Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors. 16.5 (1930) 349-368. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40218279

Stirling, Andy. “Keep it Complex.” Nature. 468.7327 (December 2010): 1029-1031. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v468/n7327/full/4681029a.html

Tomasso, Joe. “Deliberate Influence IS Advocacy.” Bioscience. 57.3 (2007): 213. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1641/B570324

Weed, Douglas and McKeown RE. “Ethics in Epidemiology and Public Health II. Applied Terms.” J Epidemiol Community Health. 56.10 (October 2002) 739-741 .http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1732033/pdf/v056p00739.pdf

Weed, Douglas. “Science, Ethics Guidelines and Advocacy in Epidemiology.” Annals of Epidemiology. 4.2 (March 1994): 166-171. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8205285

Weed, Douglas. “Roles and Responsibilities of Epidemiologists.” Annals of Epidemiology. 12.2 (February 2002): 67-72. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11880212


Ecology and Environmental Science

Baskerville, Gordon. “Advocacy, Science, Policy and Life in the Real World.” Ecology and Society. 1.1 (1997): 9. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol1/iss1/art9/

de la Rosa, Carlos, et al. “Above the Din but In the Fray: Environmental Scientists as Effective Advocates.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 8.6 (August 2010): 299-305. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1890/090143

Foote, Lee; Krogman, Naomi; Spence, John. “Should Academics Advocate on Environmental Issues.” Society and Natural Resources. 22.6 (2009): 579-589. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/08941920802653257

Franz, Eldon H. “Ecology, Values, and Policy.” Bioscience. 51.6 (2001): 469-474. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1641/0006-3568%282001%29051%5B0469:EVAP%5D2.0.CO%3B2

Gill, R. Bruce. “Professionalism, Advocacy and Credibility: A Futile Cycle?” Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 6.1 (Spring 2001): 21-32. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10871200152668661#preview

Lach, Denise, et al. “Advocacy and Credibility of Ecological Scientists in Resource Decision-making: A Regional Study.” Bioscience. 53.2 (2003): 170-178. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol1/iss1/art9/

Lackey, Robert. “Science, Scientists, and Policy Advocacy.” Conservation Biology. 21.1 (February 2007): 12-18. http://ncseonline.org/CMS400Example/uploadedFiles/03_NEW_SITE/2_Strengthening_the_Academic_Community/CEDD/SCIENCE-SCIENTISTS-AND-POLICY-ADVOCACY-CON-BIO-REPRINT-2007.pdf

Mills, Thomas J and Clark, Roger N. “Roles of Research Scientists in Natural Resource Decision-Making” Forest Ecology and Management. 153 (2001) 189-198. http://joomla.wildlife.org/alaska/images/documents/Opinions/MillsClarkReview_TParagi_May_07.pdf

Meyers, Norman. “Environmental Scientists: Advocates as Well?” Environmental Conservation. 26.3 (1999): 163-165. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=38467

Nelson, Michael P.; Vucetich, John A. “On Advocacy by Environmental Scientists: What, Whether, Why and How.” Conservation Biology. 23.5 (October 2009): 1090-1101. http://www.lymanbriggs.msu.edu/Nelson_Vucetich_Advocacy_09.pdf

Oreskes, Naomi. “Science and Public Policy: What’s Proof Got to Do With It?” Environmental Science and Policy. 7.5 (October 2004): 369-383. http://philosophyfaculty.ucsd.edu/faculty/ccallender/index_files/Phil%20148/oreskes.proof%20and%20policy.pdf

Rykiel, Edward Jr. “Scientific Objectivity, Value Systems, and Policymaking.”Bioscience. 51.6 (June 2001): 433-436. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1641/0006-3568%282001%29051%5B0433%3ASOVSAP%5D2.0.CO%3B2

Steel, Brent, et al. “Ideology and Scientific Credibility: Environmental Policy in the American Pacific Northwest.” Public Understanding of Science. 15.4 (2006): 481-495. http://pus.sagepub.com/content/15/4/481.full.pdf+html


Government and Politics

Baron, Nancy. “Stand Up for Science.” Nature. 468.7327 (December 2010): 1032-1033. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v468/n7327/full/4681032a.html

Brown, Mark. “Fairly Balanced: The Politics of Representation on Government Advisory Committees” Political Research Quarterly 61, no. 4 (2008): 547-560. http://prq.sagepub.com/content/61/4/547.abstract

Herrick, Charles; Jamieson, Dale. “The Social Construction of Acid Rain. Some Implications for Science/Policy Assessment.” Global environmental change. 5.2 (1995): 105. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/095937809500016

Karr, James. “When Government Ignores Science, Scientists Should Speak Up.” Bioscience. 56.4 (April 2006): 287-288. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1641/0006-3568%282006%2956%5B287%3AWGISSS%5D2.0.CO%3B2

Pielke, Roger A. “When Scientists Politicize Science: Making Sense of Controversy Over The Skeptical Environmentalist.” Environmental Science and Policy. 7.5 (October 2004): 405-417. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901104000668

Pielke, Roger A. “Science and Politics: Accepting a Dysfunctional Union.” Harvard International Review. 30.2 (June 2008): 36-41. http://hir.harvard.edu/climate-change/science-and-politics

Advocacy and Law

Burk, Dan. “When Scientists Act Like Lawyers: The Problem of Adversary Science.” Jurimetrics. 33.3 (1993): 363-377. http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/juraba33&div=26&id=&page

Haack, Susan. “Truth and Justice, Inquiry and Advocacy, Science and Law.” Ratio Juris. 17.1 (February 2004): 15-26. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0952-1917.2004.00252.x/abstract

Haack, Susan. “Irreconcilable Differences: The Troubled Marriage of Science and Law” Law and Contemporary Problems. 72.1 (2009)


Communication and Advocacy

Collins, Terrence J. “Persuasive Communication About Matters of Great Urgency: Endocrine Disruption” Environmental Science & Technology. 42.20 (2008) 7555-7558. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18983074

Fischhoff, Baruch. “Nonpersuasive Communication About Matters of Greatest Urgency: Climate Change” Environmental Science & Technology.(2007) 7204-7208. http://sds.hss.cmu.edu/media/pdfs/fischhoff/NonpersuasiveCommMatters.pdf

Lindeman, Neil. “Creating Knowledge for Advocacy: The Discourse of Research at a Conservation Organization.” Technical Communication Quarterly. 16.4 (2007) 431-451.

Nisbet, Matthew C and Scheufele, Dietram A. “What’s Next for Science Communication? Promising Directions and Lingering Distractions” American Journal of Botany. 96.10 (2009) 1767-1778. http://www.amjbot.org/content/96/10/1767.abstract

Scott, J.Michael, et al. “Policy Advocacy in Science: Prevalence, Perspectives, and Implications for Conservation Biologists.” Conservation Biology.21.1 (February 2007): 29-36. http://oregonstate.edu/dept/fw/lackey/POLICY-ADVOCACY-SCOTT-RACHLOW-LACKEY-CON-BIO-REPRINT-2007.PDF


Social Responsibility

Blockstein, David. “How to Lose Your Political Virginity while Keeping Your Scientific Credibility.” Bioscience. 52.1 (January 2002): 91-96. http://www.conbio.org/activities/policy/Blockstein%20on%20Advocacy%20by%20Scientists.pdf

Haack, Susan.Putting Philosophy to Work: Inquiry and its Place in Culture. Chapter 7 “The Integrity of Science: What it Means, Why it Matters.” Prometheus Books. 2008. New York.

Lovejoy, Thomas. “The Obligations of a Biologist.” Conservation Biology. 3.4 (December 1989): 329-330. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2386209

Reddy, Christopher. “Scientist Citizens.” Science.323.5920 (March 2009): 1405. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/323/5920/1405.full


Studies on Doing Advocacy

Aron, William; Burke, William; Freeman, Milton. “Scientists versus Whaling: Science, Advocacy and Errors of Judgment.” Bioscience. 52.12 (December 2002): 1137-1140. http://www.baleinesendirect.net/pdf/aron.pdf

Gray, Noella; Campbell, Lisa. “Science, Policy Advocacy, and Marine Protected Areas.” Conservation Biology. 23.2 (2008): 460-468. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01093.x/abstract

Kinchy, Abby; Kleinman, Daniel. “Organizing Credibility: Discursive and Organizational Orthodoxy on the Borders of Ecology and Politics.” Social Studies of Science. 33.6 (December 2003): 869-896. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3182987

Mathews, Debra; Kalfoglou, Andrea; Hudson, Kathy. “Geneticists’ Views on Science Policy Formation and Public Outreach.” American Journal of Medical Genetics. 137A.2 (August 2005): 161-169. http://www.dnapolicy.org/resources/GeneticistViewsOnSciencePolicy.pdf

Poliakoff, Ellen; Webb, Thomas. “What Factors Predict Scientists’ Intentions to Participate in Public Engagement of Science Activities?” Science Communication. 29.2 (December 2007): 242-263. http://gatortracks.pbworks.com/f/science.communication.pdf

Steel, Brent, et al. “The Role of Scientists in the Environmental Policy Process: A Case Study From the American West.” Environmental Science and Policy. 7.1 (February 2004): 1-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901103001400

von Roten, Fabienne Crettaz. “Gender Differences in Scientists’ Public Outreach and Engagement Activities.” Science Communication.33.52 (2011): 52-75. http://scx.sagepub.com/content/33/1/52.abstract