Some agencies and programs received surprisingly large funding boosts in the FY 2014 omnibus, but the National Science Foundation (NSF)  is not one of them. While the agency will see some budget growth from FY 2013 post-sequester levels, that growth will be somewhat limited, especially when one factors in inflation. Per AAAS estimates, NSF R&D could end up at roughly $5.8 billion in FY 2014, representing a 6.1 percent boost above FY 2013 post-sequester estimates and 2.4 percent above FY 2012, though short of the request. In terms of overall budget, NSF would experience 4.2 percent growth above post-sequester levels and 0.9 percent growth above FY 2012, though inflation will result in a real-dollar decline of three percent below FY 2012. The overall figure ended up somewhat closer to the House than the Senate recommendation.
One note about the directorate figures in the above table: only included are figures for FY 2012, FY 2013, and the President's request for FY 2014. Congress does not provide appropriations by directorate, but only via the overarching Research & Related Activities (R&RA) budget account. This means we don't know for sure how the FY 2014 appropriation for R&RA will be allocated. It is worth noting, however, that the Administration sought a fairly broad-based increase in all directorates this fiscal year, with the largest increases proposed for Engineering (ENG), Social, Behavorial and Economic Sciences (SBE), and Biological Sciences (BIO). It is also worth noting that since FY 2000, the Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) and ENG directorates have received the largest relative increases in funding (see chart, below right).
Some additional notes:
In constant dollars, the NSF budget will remain somewhat short of its all-time peak in FY 2010.