R&D IN THE FY 2009 BUDGET

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Waves Crashing on cliffs

Congress Finalizes Omnibus Budget for FY2009: Increases Across All Major R&D Agencies

Almost six months into the fiscal year, Congress gave final approval to a fiscal year (FY) 2009 omnibus bill on March 10 combining the nine unfinished appropriations bills, which President Obama later signed into law (P.L. 111-8) on March 11. The final $410 billion omnibus budget wraps up the FY 2009 appropriations for the remaining agencies that had been operating on a continuing resolution (CR) since the end of the 110th Congress.  Included in the omnibus bill is $151.1 billion in federal R&D, an increase of $6.8 billion or 4.7 percent above the FY 2008 estimate.  As a result, every major R&D funding agency will receive an increase greater than the expected rate of inflation, and in many cases the final FY 2009 numbers are larger than the budget request submitted by the previous administration to the 110th Congress. See the complete AAAS analysis of the bill for more details, including figures with and without stimulus funds.

Large gains for COMPETES Agencies. The National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy’s Office of Science (DOE OS), and Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology laboratories (NIST), agencies slated for doubling as part of the America COMPETES Act passed by the previous Congress, will see increases in funding for FY 2009 consistent with doubling their budgets over a decade.  Excluding stimulus funds, the three agencies in FY 2009 receive $4.8 billion for R&D (up 6.8 percent) at NSF, $4.3 billion for R&D (up 17.3 percent) at the DOE OS, and $561 million for R&D (up 7.5 percent) at NIST. Including the appropriations in the stimulus bill for these agencies results in respective increases in R&D to $7.5 billion (up 66 percent), $6.1 billion (up 69 percent), and $1.1 billion (up 115 percent over 2008 levels. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) will also receive a significant boost, with a total budget of $30.5 billion, a 3.2 percent increase, and a total budget of $40.9 billion (a 38 percent increase) with the stimulus funds included.

The complete series of AAAS R&D Funding Updates on FY 2009 congressional appropriations is available on the AAAS R&D web site on the “FY 2009 R&D” page. These updates supplement AAAS Report XXXIII: Research and Development FY 2009, a comprehensive analysis of R&D in the proposed federal budget for FY 2009 that was published in April. Also available is a continually updated table on the status of FY 2009 appropriations.

- March 23, 2009 fy2009rdf1b

R&D in FY 2009 Appropriations

Table. Continually Updated Status of FY 2009 Appropriations (3/6)

February 16 Update – FINAL 2009 Stimulus Appropriations –

February 10 Update – 2009 Stimulus Appropriations –

January 28 Update – 2009 Stimulus Appropriations (updated above) –

January 16 – 2009 Stimulus Appropriations (updated above) –

September 30- AAAS September R&D Funding Update

This report is a summary of AAAS estimates and analyses of federal R&D appropriations in the FY 2009 appropriations process as of the October 1 start of FY 2009.

Table 1. R&D in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency (as of 9/30)
Table 2. Estimated Research in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency (as of 9/30)
Table 3. Major Functional Categories of R&D in the FY 2009 Budget (as of 9/30)

Agency Updates for FY 2009 Appropriations:

Note: Congress has taken no action on 2009 appropriations for the Department of the Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency.


June 23 – 2008 Supplemental and 2009 Appropriations –

June 20 –

May 21 – 2008 Supplemental and 2009 Budget Resolution (updated above on 6/23)-

R&D in the FY 2009 Budget Request

AAAS Report XXXIII: Research and Development FY 2009

April 18, 2008 – Full Text On LineOur annual report on R&D in the federal budget is now available on line. The full text of the 280-page report, including nearly 40 tables, is available in HTML and PDF formats. This reference work provides a comprehensive analysis of R&D in the President’s budget for FY 2009, including specialized analyses by theme, major agency, and discipline. A 16-page summary containing highlights from this book is available as an analysis of R&D in the FY 2009 budget. For more information on R&D in the FY 2009 budget, see the FY 2009 R&D page (below).

Buy now (Non-Member; $19.95):

 


March 7 – AAAS Analysis of R&D in the FY 2009 Budget

2009 Budget Proposes Physical Sciences and Development Increases, Flat Funding for Biomedical Research” (HTML) (PDF version – 16 pp)

All figures in this analysis are revised from the February Preliminary Analysis (see below). This analysis is a preview of the forthcoming AAAS Report XXXIII: Research and Development FY 2009, a comprehensive look at the President’s budget for R&D in FY 2009. Further details on R&D in the FY 2009 budget are available below.

Table 1. R&D in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table 2. Research in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table 3. Major Functional Categories of R&D in the FY 2009 Budget (revised 3/08)
Table 4. Homeland Security R&D (revised 3/08)
Table 5. R&D by Appropriations Subcommittee (revised 3/08)
Table 6. Interagency Science and Technology Initiatives (preliminary 2/08)
Table 7. “FS&T” in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency (2/08)

Links to agency FY 2009 budget documents (updated)


February 7 – AAAS Preliminary Analysis of R&D in the FY 2009 Budget (HTML) – (PDF version – 16 pp)

All figures in this analysis are preliminary and were updated in March by the AAAS Analysis above.


Agency Updates for FY 2009:


Tables on FY 2009 R&D Request by character of work (PDF):
(The tables and charts below marked preliminary will be revised in March and April.)

Table. Total R&D by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table. Basic Research by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table. Applied Research by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table. Research in the FY 2009 Budget (revised 3/08)
Table. Development by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table. Conduct of R&D by Agency (revised 3/08)
Table. R&D Facilities and Capital Equipment by Agency (revised 3/08)

Agency tables and charts (from the forthcoming AAAS Report XXXIII: R&D FY 2009)

Table II-1. R&D in the FY 2009 Budget by Agency and Character of Work (revised 3/08)
Table II-2. R&D in the Department of Defense (2/08)
Table II-3. DOD R&D by Military Departments and Agencies (2/08)
Table II-4. Department of Defense Basic Research (“6.1″) by Program (2/08)
Table II-5. DOD S&T Programs (“6.1″ – “6.3″) (2/08)
Table II-6. R&D in the Department of Homeland Security (revised 2/08)

Table II-7. R&D in the National Science Foundation (2/08)

Table II-8. R&D in the Department of Health and Human Services (revised 2/08)
Table II-9. R&D in the National Institutes of Health, by Institute (revised 2/08)
Table II-10. National Institutes of Health by Funding Mechanism (2/08)

Table II-11. R&D in the Department of Energy (2/08)

Table II-12. R&D in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (3/08)

Table II-13. R&D in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (revised 3/08)

Table II-14. R&D in the Department of Commerce (revised 2/08)

Table II-15. R&D in the Department of Transportation (revised 2/08)
Table II-16. R&D in the Department of the Interior (revised 2/08)
Table II-17. R&D in the Environmental Protection Agency (revised 2/08)
Table II-18. R&D in the Department of Education (2/08)
Table II-19. R&D in the Department of Veterans Affairs (2/08)

Historical Tables and Charts

Historical Table 1. R&D by Agency, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08)
Historical Table 2. R&D by Agency, 1976-2009 in Constant Dollars (revised 3/08)
Chart. Trends in Federal R&D, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in Federal R&D by character of work, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08)
Chart. Trends in Federal R&D as % of GDP, FY 1976-2009 (revised 3/08) – Data Table
Chart. Selected Trends in Nondefense R&D, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08)
Chart. Trends in Research by Agency, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in Basic Research, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08)- Data Table
Chart. Trends in Defense R&D, 1976-2009 (revised 3/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in DOD S&T, 1994-2009 (2/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in DOD R&D by Agency, 1991-2009 (2/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in Federal R&D, FY 1998-2009 (DOD, NIH, NSF, DOE, NASA, USDA) (revised 3/08)
Chart. Trends in Federal R&D, FY 1998-2009 (DOC, DOI, DOT, EPA) (revised 3/08)
Chart. Trends in DOE Office of Science, 2000-2009 (revised 2/08) – Data Table
Chart. Trends in DOE R&D, 1990-2009 (revised 2/08)
Chart. NIH Budget by Institute, 1998-2009 (2/08) – Data Table
Chart. NIH Budget by Funding Mechanism, 1998-2009 (2/08)
Chart. NSF Budget, 2000-2009 (2/08)
Chart. NSF Budget by Directorate, 2000-2009 (2/08)
Chart. Trends in the NASA Budget, 2000-2009 (3/08)
Chart. Trends in USDA R&D, 1990-2009 (preliminary 2/08)
Chart. Trends in Commerce R&D, 1990-2009 (revised 2/08)
Chart. Defense and Nondefense R&D, 1955-2009 (preliminary 2/08)Data Table
Chart. Nondefense R&D by Function, 1955-2009 (preliminary 2/08)Data Table

Other Tables

Table. Major Functional Categories of R&D (revised 3/08)
Table. R&D by Appropriations Subcommittee in the FY 2009 Budget (revised 3/08)
Table. “Federal Science and Technology Budget” by Agency (2/08)
Table. Interagency S&T Initiatives in the FY 2009 Budget (preliminary 2/08)

Table. Federal Homeland Security R&D by Agency (revised 3/08)

Photo_astronautOther Charts. The first pie chart shows that the top seven federal sponsors of R&D provide 96 percent of all federal support for R&D, with DOD the largest sponsor. The second pie chart shows that in basic research, NIH is by far the largest sponsor. For all research, the picture is similar. Another chart shows proposed changes for FY 2009 and the relative sizes of the R&D budgets in the seven largest agencies. The fifth chart shows the proposed R&D budget for FY 2009 by character of work; the character of work is quite different for defense and nondefense R&D. Development is by far the largest component of defense R&D; by contrast, basic research is the largest category in nondefense R&D. The remaining charts illustrate the tables above.

Chart. FY 2009 R&D by Agency (revised 3/08)
Chart. FY 2009 Basic Research by Agency (revised 3/08)
Chart. FY 2009 Research by Agency (revised 3/08)
Chart. R&D in the “Big Seven” Agencies, FY 2007-2009 (revised 3/08)
Chart. Defense and Nondefense R&D by Character of Work, FY 2009 (revised 3/08)
Chart. FY 2009 R&D by Function (revised 3/08)
Chart. R&D by Appropriations Subcommittee FY 2009 (revised 3/08)

There is a chart comparing the FY 2009 request to FY 2008. The chart shows percentage changes between FY 2008 and FY 2009 for the 12 largest R&D funding agencies. The second chart shows the same changes, but excluding 2008 R&D earmarks.

Chart. FY 2009 R&D Request, Percent Change from FY 2008 (revised 3/08)
Chart. FY 2009 R&D Request, Percent Change from FY 2008 (excluding earmarks) (revised 3/08)

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