share of the R&D funds the federal government spends in
Alaska are dispensed by the government's own laboratories
(about 50 percent in FY 1993, over 40 percent in FY 1994-the
apparent reduction in the laboratories' share is due to the
DOE "spike," the funds from which went to industry).
The majority of the $65 million in obligations to federal
labs in Alaska in FY 1994 was divided between the Department
of Commerce, with $30 million, and the Department of the Interior,
with $24 million (Table
of the DOC portion funds the Alaska Fisheries Science Center,
which is a facility of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service.
Headquartered in Seattle, Washington, the Alaska Fisheries
Science Center is responsible for conducting research to help
conserve and manage the living marine resources of the region.
The Center's Auke Bay Laboratory in Juneau employs more than
100 research professionals. Its research supports international
negotiations concerning commercially valuable fisheries in
the nation's coastal waters. Among the biological and ecological
studies conducted by the Auke Bay Laboratory are those related
to chinook salmon, which are undertaken by the Little Port
Walter Field Station. The data it collects about human and
natural stresses on Alaskan ecosystems has aided the response
to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill, among other ecological
divisions of the Department of Interior also conduct research
in Alaska. In Anchorage, the Bureau of Land Management conducts
surveying and mapping activities, and until its termination
during FY 1996, the Bureau of Mines was responsible for mineral
land assessment in Alaska. Some of its functions have been
transferred to other Interior Department bureaus. The National
Biological Service (scheduled to be merged into the U.S. Geological
Survey by October 1996) coordinates research at the Alaska
Fish and Wildlife Research Center in Anchorage and operates
field stations in Kodiak and Fairbanks.
Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture also supports
several research stations in Alaska which examine renewable
resources, forest ecosystems, and anadromous fish, among other
of Defense allocates a modest amount of R&D money ($4
million in FY 1994) to its laboratories in the state, including
the Army's Cold Regions Test Activity at Fort Greely.