AAAS Board of Directors, in accordance with Association policy,
has approved publication of this report as a contribution
to the understanding of an important process. The interpretations
and conclusions are those of the authors and do not purport
to represent the views of the Board or the Council of the
project is funded by grants from the Carnegie Corporation
of New York and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund. Carnegie Corporation
and Burroughs Wellcome are not responsible for any statements
or views expressed in this report.
nearly 50 years of steadily increasing budgets, the U.S. research
community is facing the prospect of significantly reduced
federal funding. Efforts to balance the budget and reduce
the size of the federal government have created great uncertainty
about the future of federal funding for science and technology.
Although science and technology funding fared relatively well
in FY 1996, outyear projections by both the President and
Congress indicate it will decrease significantly as discretionary
spending falls over the next several years. At the same time,
the congressional agenda is increasingly dominated by issues
involving science and technology and polls continue to show
strong support for R&D among the American people.
1996, the American Association for the Advancement of Science's
Center for Science, Technology, and Congress, undertook to
produce a series of reports to provide information on the
state and regional impacts of federal R&D spending and
to organize a series of meetings associated with these reports.
This report on science and technology in Alaska was prepared
for presentation at the Arctic Science Conference in Girdwood,
Alaska in September 1996. Our goal is to help the research
community, both industrial and academic, state and federal
lawmakers, and local opinion leaders better understand the
effects of current trends in public and private sector R&D
spending in key regions of the U.S. We also want to provide
oft-requested information to Congress and the public about
the role of science and technology, including federal, state,
and industrial R&D, in the economies of various states.
information for The Future of Science and Technology in
Alaska: Trends and Indicators, we used the most recent
data available from the National Science Foundation. Because
of the complexity of collecting information on a state-by-state
basis, especially with regard to industry spending, the most
recent NSF data details obligations from fiscal year 1994
and expenditures during the 1993 calendar year. The numbers
may change as data for more recent years becomes available.
We have augmented the NSF data with additional research and
with projections of future government spending based on outyear
funding data from the President's budget request and the congressional
budget resolution. The report provides a statistical portrait
of Alaska's R&D activity; examines the distribution of
federal R&D funding in the state; discusses university-based
research and state R&D and technology development initiatives;
and assesses the potential future impacts of trends in federal,
state, and private sector R&D spending.
like to thank Kei Koizumi for his efforts in assembling the
data, Rebecca Feldman for drafting this report, and Steve
Nelson for reviewing the report.
AAAS Science and Policy Programs
AAAS Center for Science, Technology, and Congress