of the $47 million spike in Department of Energy funding mentioned
above, industrial firms received about 30 percent of federal
R&D obligations in the state in FY 1994 (Chart
3). In FY 1993, however, Alaska's industrial firms received
only 0.5 percent of the state's federal R&D obligations,
compared with the national average of about 45 percent.
industrial firms conducted $14 million in R&D in 1993,
most of which was supported by their own funds. Since Alaska's
manufacturing industry is relatively small, it is likely that
most of these funds were used for R&D related to environmental
sciences, engineering, and resource development. Industry
also supported $5 million in academic research, making the
proportion of academic R&D funded by industry in Alaska
somewhat higher than the national average.