laboratories in Arizona account for a significant portion
of the state’s federal R&D dollars. In FY 1995, they received
$178 million, or 19 percent of the state total.
the main source of these funds, providing over 75 percent
($135 million). In keeping with Arizona’s strength in the
area of advanced electronics, the chief recipient of this
funding is the Army’s Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) in Fort
Huachuca. The EPG, a subcommand of the White Sands Missile
Range in New Mexico, conducts tests and experiments on new
electronic systems for both the military and the private sector.
EPG work includes testing of command, control, communications,
computers, and intelligence (C4I) and electronic warfare equipment.
DOD dominates federal R&D funding to Arizona’s national
labs, several other agencies also have research facilities
in the state. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive
and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of NIH, has its Epidemiology
and Clinical Research Branch in Phoenix. The branch investigates
diabetes, obesity, and digestive and kidney diseases. Many
of these diseases are especially prevalent among the Native
Americans of the Southwest. The Pima Indians and other Native
American populations are often the subject of the branch’s
Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Agricultural Research
Service (ARS) funds several laboratories in Arizona. Three
research units in Tucson investigate honeybee productivity,
water resources, and barley genetics. ARS also runs the U.S.
Water Conservation Laboratory and the Western Cotton Research
Laboratory in Phoenix.
federal lab funding to the state is focused on the Space Engineering
Research Center at the University of Arizona (see Universities