nonprofit institutions received a little over $5 million from
the federal government for R&D in FY 1995, only a 0.6
percent share of the state’s total funding. These funds account
for most of the federal R&D that is not conducted by industry,
universities, federal labs, or NOAO. HHS obligated $3.6 million
to nonprofit hospitals and medical centers in the state, with
a handful of federal agencies providing the rest of the funds.
Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix received more federal
R&D funding, $2.3 million from HHS in FY 1995, than any
of Arizona’s other nonprofit institutions. Much of the hospital’s
research focuses on the human nervous system, in areas like
neuro-oncology and motor control.
Mayo Clinic, headquartered in Minnesota, also performs health
research in Arizona. The Clinic’s Scottsdale location performs
molecular genetics research.
Observatory in Flagstaff is one of Arizona’s oldest science
institutions. Much of the research at Lowell is focused on
objects and phenomena within our solar system. In FY 1995,
it received a total of $1.1 million from DOD, NASA, and NSF.
not yet a major recipient of federal R&D funds, Biosphere
II is perhaps Arizona’s most famous nonprofit research institution.
In 1996, Columbia University took over the operation, turning
it into a nonprofit organization performing research on earth
systems, climatology and atmospheric science. Biosphere II’s
unique capacities allow for studies of carbon and trace element
cycles, biodiversity, and the effects of agriculture on atmospheric
carbon dioxide concentrations.