FY 1996 and FY 1997, Mississippi received a substantial increase
in federal R&D funds. In FY 1996, Mississippi received $251
million dollars in federal funds to rank 33rd among all states
and the District of Columbia. In FY 1997, Mississippi's allocation
increased to $329 million advancing the state to 28th place
(see Mississippi Table).
This amounts to 0.5 percent of total federal R&D spending.
and DOD together account for 71 percent of federal R&D funds
in Mississippi. DOD leads the way with an allocation of $121
million in 1997 followed closely by NASA's $113 million contribution.
DOD's funding increased $26 million or 27 percent from FY
1996 and NASA's went up $39 million or 52 percent from 1996.
primary performer of federal funds for R&D in the state are
the federal laboratories, receiving $176 million in FY 1997.
DOD is the primary contributor to the labs with $79 million
followed by NASA ($45 million) and the USDA ($39 million).
of DOD's contribution goes to the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways
Experiment Station (WES). WES is the largest Civil Engineering
and Environmental Quality R&D complex in the United States.
WES conducts R&D with both civil and military applications
and the complex consists of five laboratories concentrating
on environmental, geotechnical, structures, information technology,
and coastal engineering R&D. The WES complex also houses the
Centrifuge Research Center, a DOD High Performance Computing
Center, and the Tri-Service Computer Aided Design Drafting
and Geographic Information System Technology Center.
is also home to the John C. Stennis Space Center where most
of NASA's R&D in the state is conducted. In addition, Stennis
receives funds from DOD, NOAA, EPA, as well as some universities.
Stennis is NASA's prime installation for testing large rocket
engines and propulsion systems, and also houses the Earth
Resources Laboratory and the Space Remote Sensing Center.
Stennis is also home to the U.S. Navy's Meteorology and Oceanography
Command. This Naval Research Center's main focus is research
on the effect of weather and the environment on naval operations.
in affiliation with Mississippi State University, runs two
major laboratories in Mississippi through its Agricultural
Research Service (ARS). The first is the Jamie Whitten Delta
States Research Center, specializing in areas such as catfish
genetics, entomology, agriculture engineering, and soybean
production. The Center is named after the late Representative
Jamie Whitten, former chairman of the House Appropriations
Committee. The second facility is their National Sedimentation
Laboratory which conducts research on soil erosion, water
quality problems, and soil conservation.
is second in terms of performance of federal R&D in Mississippi.
Of the $99 million allocated to industry in FY 1997, $63 million
came from NASA, $35 million from the DOD, and the Department
of Commerce contributed the remaining $1 million.
for Technology Development in conjunction with Stennis performs
R&D in the commercial applications of satellite remote sensing
technology. In addition, the Institute has two subsidiaries,
ProMatura Group, L.L.C. and Advanced Microelectronics Division,
that perform R&D on human factors research, and integrated
circuits and software respectively.
notable industry R&D performers include Hercules, Inc.'s Hattiesburg
Plant Laboratory that conducts basic and applied research
in papermaking chemicals, tall oil distillation, and spe-cialty
chemicals. Chem First, Inc, conducts R&D in high margin chemical
intermediates and application research in polymer additives.
Mississippi is also home to Sunbeam Consumer Products Worldwide
and Worldcom, Inc.
performance of R&D in Mississippi totaled $45 million in FY
1997, the lowest of all the Gulf States. Most of these funds
were split between Mississippi State University ($26 million)
and the University of Mississippi ($14 million).
State University (MSU), a land-grant institution, ranks 96th
in total R&D funding. It is a leader in computer graphics
and computational engineering. MSU is home to one of the National
Science Foundation's twenty-one Engineering Research Centers.
The Engineering Research Center at MSU specializes in computational
field simulation for the design of aircraft. MSU also has
the Raspet Flight Research Laboratory that helps design aircraft
prototypes; the High Voltage Laboratory, the largest of its
kind in the United States that conducts R&D on electricity.
In addition, it is home to a DOE funded Energy Analysis and
Diagnostic Center Program designed to help area manufacturers
conserve energy and reduce costs.
State University, a leader in graduating minority science
and technology professionals, also boasts a substantial R&D
base. The university hosts the Army's High Performance Computing
Research Center and contains the state's only Center for Technology
Transfer. It was also one of the first universities to participate
in the EPA's program to conduct environmental comparative
risk studies in urban communities. The University of Southern
Mississippi's Gulf Coast Laboratory is a joint project with
NOAA to study weather patterns in the region.