Rashid A. Chotani holds the positions
of a senior scientist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory,
academic faculty at the School of Hygiene and Public Health at
Johns Hopkins University and medical epidemiologist in the Preventive
Medicine Department of Walter Reed Army Institute of Research.
Dr. Chotani graduated from Eugenio Maria de Hostos, School of
Medicine in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 1991. After completing
his training in general medicine in Pakistan, he spent two years
as the chief medical officer, and public health advisor to the
board, at the Cement Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan (1994-1995).
Dr Chotani undertook hospital epidemiology and microbiology training
at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1998-1999),
followed by training at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics in bio-medical
Dr. Chotani received his Masters in Public Health from the School
of Hygiene and Public Health at Johns Hopkins University in 1996.
Subsequently, he worked at the Maryland State Health Department
as an infectious disease epidemiologist in the divisions of surveillance
and vaccine preventable diseases (1997-1998). During the same
year he completed a post-doctorate fellowship under Dr. D. A.
Henderson in the Department of International Health at the SHPH-JHU.
He has also received certification in Tropical Medicine and Public
Health from SHPH-JHU (2000).
Dr. Chotani's research has focused on the epidemiology of nosocomial
infections and development of information technology tools to
detect and predict infectious diseases, in particular pathogens
on the bioterrorism list. Additionally, he is studying risk factors
and epidemiology acute diarrhea, vitamin A deficiency, and areca
nut use, indoor pollution among children in Pakistan as well as,
working on leaded gasoline and road traffic accident policy related
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Christian Davenport is an Associate
Professor of Political Science at the University of Maryland -
College Park as well as a Senior Fellow and Director of Research
at the Center for International Development and Conflict Management.
Primary research interests include human rights violations, social
movements, measurement, and racism. He is the author of numerous
articles appearing in the American Political Science Review, the
American Journal of Political Science, Electoral Studies, the
Journal of Politics, Political Research Quarterly, Social Science
Quarterly, the Journal of Political and Military Sociology, and
the Monthly Review (among others). One solo-edited volume has
recently been published: Paths to State Repression: Human Rights
Violations and Contentious Politics (Boulder: Rowman & Littlefield.
2000), and he is currently working on a book entitled Rashomon
Effect in the Social Sciences: Contentious Politics, Data Generation
and the Importance of Perspective.
He is currently involved with two data collection projects: 1)
"Rwanda's Semi-Willing Executioners" (a Survey of 2,500 genocide
participants as well as an Events-based compilation of genocidal
acts for the full duration of the genocide by event, time, perpetrator
and location), and 2) "Nazis, Nativists and Nationalists: An Assessment
of Radical Civil Society in the U.S." (Identification of organizations
on the radical left and right from 1969 to 1999 by zipcode). Webpage
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K. Eric Drexler is a researcher
concerned with emerging technologies and their consequences for
the future. In the mid 1980s, he introduced the term 'nanotechnology'
to describe atomically precise molecular manufacturing systems
and their products. Advanced nanotechnologies will make possible
many dreams (and nightmares) first articulated in the literature
of science fiction. After presenting the basic concepts of molecular
manufacturing in a scientific paper (Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences, 1981), he wrote
Engines of Creation (1986) to introduce a broad audience to
the prospect of advanced nanotechnologies -- their nature, promise,
and dangers -- and
Nanosystems (AAP 1992 Most Outstanding Computer Science Book)
to provide a graduate-level introduction to the fundamental physical
and engineering principles of the field.
He has lectured in the US, Europe, and Japan to audiences ranging
from corporate research laboratories and the World Economic Forum
to a satellite-linked network of elementary school classes. In
support of U.S. federal policy development, he has provided presentations
and briefings to (among others) the Senate Subcommittee on Science,
Technology, and Space, the White House Office of Science and Technology
Policy, and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
He is a founder and current Chairman of the
Foresight Institute, a nonprofit educational organization
established to help prepare for advanced technologies.
EDUCATION: Ph.D., Molecular Nanotechnology, M.I.T., 1991 S.M.,
Engineering, M.I.T., 1979 (NSF Graduate Fellow) S.B., Interdisciplinary
Science, M.I.T., 1977
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Mark S. Frankel, Ph.D., is director
of the Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law Program, where
he develops and manages the Association's activities related to
professional ethics, science and society, and science and law.
He is staff officer for two AAAS committees -- the Committee on
Scientific Freedom and Responsibility and the AAAS-American Bar
Association National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists, and
editor of the Association's quarterly publication, Professional
Frankel has directed AAAS projects on research integrity and scientific
misconduct, the use of scientific and technical information in
the courts, the ethical and legal implications of genetic testing,
a study of the uses of anonymity on the Internet, the ethical,
legal, and policy implications of human inheritable genetic modification,
the ethical, religious and policy implications of human stem cell
research, the ethical and legal dimensions of Internet research
involving human subjects, the use of ethnic minorities as research
subjects, intellectual property issues related to electronic publishing,
and the design of materials examining the ethical issues associated
with behavioral genetics.
He is on the Board of Directors of the National Patient Safety
Foundation, a member of the Institute of Medicine's Committee
on Assessing Integrity in Research Environments, and serves on
the editorial boards of Science and Engineering Ethics, Ethics
& Behavior, Professional Ethics, and the Law and Human Genome
Review. He has authored or edited fifteen AAAS monographs, and
is a Fellow of AAAS.
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Louis W. Goodman has been Professor
and Dean since 1986 of American University's School
of International Service, the largest school of international
affairs in the United States. Prior to assuming this position,
he directed the Latin America Program at the Woodrow Wilson International
Center for Scholars (1981-1986), the Latin America and Caribbean
Program at the Social Science Research Council (1973-1978), and
served on the faculty of Yale University (1969-1973, 1978-1981).
He has served as President of the Association of Professional
Schools of International Affairs (1992) and the Chair of the Board
of Directors of the Public Policy and International Affairs Graduate
Scholarship Program for Minority Students (1999-present).
Dr. Goodman received his B.A. in Latin American Studies from Dartmouth
College in 1964 and his Ph.D. in Sociology from Northwestern University
He is the author of many scholarly books and articles. His Small
Nations, Giant Firms (Holmes and Meier: 1987) discusses the impact
of transnational corporations on national development. The Military
and Democracy in Latin America (D.C. Heath-Lexington: 1990) and
Lessons from the Venezuelan Experience (Johns Hopkins: 1995) are
volumes he co-edited which[/and] focus on the role of the military
in political and economic development. His publications also include
works on international affairs education, including International
Affairs Education on the Eve of the 21st Century (APSIA, 1994).
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Donald M. Kerr is the Deputy Director
for Science and Technology at the Central Intelligence Agency.
Previous to his position at the CIA, Dr. Kerr served as an Assistant
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He was responsible
for the Laboratory Division, which conducts forensic examinations;
develops surveillance and tactical communications technologies;
and supports law enforcement through research, training, and operational
Dr. Kerr has held several key positions in private industry.
From 1996 to 1997, he was Executive Vice President and Director
at Information Systems Laboratories, Inc. From 1993 to 1996, he
was Corporate Executive Vice President and Director at Science
Applications International Corporation. Dr. Kerr was President
and Director of EG&G, Inc. from 1989 to 1992. He had also served
as Senior Vice President and Executive Vice President, respectively,
at EG&G from 1985 to 1989.
Dr. Kerr was Director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory from
1979 to 1985. He had begun his career in 1966 at Los Alamos working
in high altitude weapons effects, nuclear test detection, and
Dr. Kerr is a Fellow of the AAAS and has served as a member of
the DCI's Nonproliferation Advisory Committee, the Defense Science
Board, and the DOD Treat Reductions Advisory Council. He is a
member of the external review committee for the Los Alamos and
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories dealing with national
security and arms control matters. Dr. Kerr received his B.E.E.
in electrical engineering from Cornell University in 1963 and
went on to earn a M.S. in microwave electronics and a Ph.D. in
plasma physics and microwave electronics at Cornell.
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John H. Marburger III has been
confirmed by the Senate to serve as the Director of the White
House Office of Science and Technology
Policy. He is the former Director of the U.S. Department of
Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, a position he has held
since March 1998.
Prior to joining Brookhaven, Dr. Marburger led a distinguished
career in both science and education. From 1980 to 1994, he served
as President of Stony Brook University. In the fall of 1994, he
returned to the Stony Brook faculty, teaching and conducting research
in optical science. Three years later, he became President of
Brookhaven Science Associates - a partnership founded by Stony
Brook University and Battelle, a nonprofit applied science and
technology organization - which was awarded the contract to manage
and operate Brookhaven Lab for the U.S. Department of Energy.
Dr. Marburger received a B.A. in physics from Princeton University
in 1962 and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford University
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Kevin McCurley is President of
the International Association for Cryptologic Research,
and a former member of the President's Export Council Subcommittee
on Encryption. He is a Research Staff Member at the Computer Science
Department at the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California.
From 1989 to 1997 he worked as a researcher in the computer science
department at Sandia National Laboratories. During the course
of his career his research interests have ranged widely, from
pure mathematics and theoretical computer science to practical
applications of cryptography and parallel computing. His primary
research interests are in information security and information
Dr. McCurley received his PhD in Mathematics and MS in Statistics
from the University of Illinois. He has taught at Michigan State
University, the University of Southern California, and University
of New Mexico.
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Jonathan D. Moreno is the Emily Davie
and Joseph S. Kornfeld Professor of Biomedical Ethics at the University
of Virginia and Director of the Center
for Biomedical Ethics.
Dr. Moreno is also a member of the National Human Research Protections
Advisory Committee, a senior consultant to the National Bioethics
Advisory Commission, Senior Research Fellow at the Kennedy Institute
of Ethics at Georgetown University, and a Fellow of the Hastings
Dr. Moreno graduated from Hofstra University in Hempstead, New
York in 1973, with highest honors in philosophy and psychology.
He was a University Fellow at Washington University in St. Louis,
receiving his doctorate in philosophy in 1977, and was later a
Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow in cooperation with the Aspen Institute
for Humanistic Studies. In 1998 Hofstra awarded him a Doctorate
of Humane Letters, honoris causa. A frequent commentator on ethical
issues in the media, Dr. Moreno has been a regular columnist for
ABCNEWS.com and a guest on numerous radio and television programs,
including the McLaughlin Group.
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Robert M. O'Neil is the Founding Director
of the Thomas Jefferson Center
for the Protection of Free Expression. He assumed the position
in August, 1990, after serving five years as President of the
University of Virginia. He continues as a member of the University's
law faculty, teaching courses in constitutional and a new course
on free speech and cyberspace.
In 1963, after serving as law clerk to Supreme Court Justice
William J. Brennan, Jr., O'Neil began three decades of teaching
about free speech and press at the Universities of California
(Berkeley), Cincinnati, Indiana, Wisconsin and Virginia. In addition
to teaching, he has had a distinguished career in higher education
administration, serving as Provost of the University of Cincinnati,
Vice President of Indiana University for the Bloomington Campus,
and President of the University of Wisconsin before coming to
He has chaired the National Association of State Universities
and Land-Grant Colleges, and served on the Executive Committee
of the Association of American Universities. From 1992-99, he
chaired Committee A (Academic Freedom and Tenure) of the American
Association of University Professors, of which he was General
Counsel in 1970-72 and again in 1990-92. He also now serves as
a trustee or director of the Commonwealth Fund, the Fort James
Corporation, the Media Institute, and Teachers Insurance and Annuity
A member of the Massachusetts Bar, O'Neil has argued cases before
a number of Federal Courts of Appeals. A native of Boston, O'Neil
holds three degrees from Harvard and honorary degrees from Beloit
College and Indiana University.
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Anne A. Witkowsky is Director
of the CSIS Commission on Science and Security, a blue-ribbon
panel that is examining how best to integrate sound security measures
with the scientific missions of the Energy Department's national
laboratories. Prior to joining CSIS in October 2000, she served
as Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control at the National
Security Council (NSC), a position she held from February 1993.
At the NSC, Ms. Witkowsky was responsible for conventional arms
control and European security issues. From 1988 until joining
the NSC staff, she served in several capacities in the Office
of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). She began her career in government
as a Presidential Management Intern, which included rotational
assignments within OSD and the State Department.
In 2000, Ms. Witkowsky was awarded the Department of Defense Medal
for Distinguished Civilian Service. She is a member of the Council
on Foreign Relations and an Executive Board Member of Women in
International Security. Witkowsky holds a B.A. in Russian and
East European Studies from Yale University and an M.P.A. with
a concentration in international security from Harvard University's
Kennedy School of Government.
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William A. Wulf was elected President
of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in April 1997; he
had previously served as Interim President beginning in July 1996.
Together with the National Academy of Sciences, the NAE operates
under a congressional charter and presidential orders that call
on it to provide advice to the government on issues of science
Dr. Wulf is on leave from the University of Virginia, where he
is a University Professor and the AT&T Professor of Engineering
and Applied Science. Among his activities at the University are
a complete revision of the undergraduate Computer Science curriculum,
research on computer architecture and computer security, and an
effort to assist humanities scholars exploit information technology.
In 1988-90 Dr. Wulf was on leave from the University to be Assistant
Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) where he headed
the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering
(CISE). CISE is responsible for computer science and engineering
research as well as for operating the National Supercomputer Centers
and NSFNET (the immediate precursor to the commercial Intrenet).
Prior to joining Virginia, Dr. Wulf founded Tartan Laboratories
and served as its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Dr. Wulf
grew the company to about a hundred employees. Tartan developed
and marketed optimizing compilers, notably for Ada. Tartan was
sold to Texas Instruments in 1995. The technical basis for Tartan
was research by Dr. Wulf while he was a Professor of Computer
Science at Carnegie-Mellon University. At Carnegie-Mellon Dr.
Wulf's research spanned programming systems and computer architecture;
specific research activities included: the design and implementation
of a systems-implementation language (Bliss), architectural design
of the DEC PDP-11, the design and construction of a 16 processor
multiprocessor and its operating system, a new approach to computer
security, and development of a technology for the construction
of high quality optimizing compilers.
Dr. Wulf is a member of the National Academy of Engineering,
a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a Corresponding
Member of the Academia Espanola De Ingeniera. He is also a Fellow
of four professional societies: the ACM, the IEEE, the AAAS, and
AWIS. He is the author of over 100 papers and technical reports,
has written three books, holds two US Patents, and has supervised
over 25 Ph.D.'s in Computer Science. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer
Science from the University of Virginia.
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