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AAAS International News & Notes

AAAS Strikes Landmark Agreements to Build Long-Term China Engagement

From left to right: Alan I. Leshner, chief executive officer of AAAS and executive publisher of Science; Sun Mengxin, deputy director-general for international affairs at the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST); Vaughan Turekian, AAAS chief international officer; and Deng Nan, chief executive secretary of CAST.

BEIJING—With China emerging as a world research power, top AAAS officials and their Chinese counterparts signed a series of cooperative agreements that could serve as the foundation for future collaborations on a range of critical science and technology issues.

The 6-day trip to Beijing, Shanghai, and Hangzhou also included a conference, organized by the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST) and AAAS, that brought together dozens of scholars and researchers from both nations to discuss scientific integrity and social responsibility. The meeting provided an opportunity to discuss efforts by both countries to address challenges that trouble the entire global research enterprise, as well as some possible areas of future collaboration such as ethics education and joint studies on specific cases.

The AAAS delegation, led by Chief Executive Officer Alan I. Leshner, held substantive talks with some of China’s most senior S&T leaders, including Minister of Science and Technology Wan Gang; Deng Nan, chief executive secretary of CAST; Lu Yongxiang, president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); Shen Wenqing, who serves both as vice president of the National Natural Science Foundation of China and chairman of the Shanghai Association for Science and Technology; and Yang Wei, President of Zhejiang University.

Wan Gang, Minister of Science and Technology

Under one agreement, Project 2061, AAAS’s pioneering science literacy initiative, will provide materials that can be translated and posted on the CAST Web site. Leshner and Lu signed a separate memorandum of understanding to select, translate, and distribute 33 high-impact papers from the past decade of the journal Science.

Leshner and Deng also signed an overarching agreement to seek collaborative projects on a range of possible issues, including sustainability; public understanding of science and engineering; science education; and creating S&T opportunities for women.

“I believe that CAST and AAAS have common issues… and we’re serving similar functions in our countries,” Deng said in talks before a signing ceremony. “I believe that allows us to have even more cooperation in the broader fields of science.”

“Our organizations are similar and unique in their size and breadth of activities,” replied Leshner, who also serves as executive publisher of Science. “Our collaboration has advantages not only for our countries, but also for the whole world…. It’s very important that we take every opportunity to collaborate on our common interests.”

The new agreements and the ethics conference—resulting from months of trans-Pacific discussions—are landmarks in an ambitious new engagement between AAAS and the Chinese S&T community. The journal Science, published by AAAS, opened its first Chinese news office in Beijing this month, to be staffed by veteran correspondent Richard Stone. EurekAlert!, AAAS’s science news service, this month debuted a new Chinese-language portal to serve the nation’s journalists, researchers, businesses, and government.

Leshner described the China trip, from 24 to 29 September, as “highly informative and extremely constructive.” The AAAS delegation also included Vaughan Turekian, AAAS chief international officer, and Tom Wang, AAAS director for international cooperation. Mark S. Frankel, director of AAAS’s Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law Program, played a lead role in organizing the conference and in Beijing meetings with the Chinese Medical Association and the CAS Institute of Zoology.

“We are in an era of unprecedented global cooperation in science and technology—cooperation that not only advances the underlying sciences, but also addresses some of the major global challenges that we all face,” Turekian said. “The collaboration between Chinese and U.S. scientists, and in fact all members of the global science enterprise, will lead to more creative science and technological developments that will improve people’s lives.”

The new engagement comes at a time of remarkable growth and emergence for China. Beginning some 2000 years ago, it achieved monumental breakthroughs in astronomy, medicine, mathematics, and technology. Today, following 30 years of reform and opening to the West, its economy is soaring. Shanghai and Beijing have become major world centers for business, culture, and tourism; next year, the nation will host the Summer Olympics.

Before he moved into government, Chinese President Hu Jintao was a hydraulic engineer; today, the government’s “Scientific Development Perspective” is a framework for addressing China’s complex economic, environmental, and international challenges.

To address climate change, the government in June announced plans to restructure the economy, promote clean energy technologies, and improve energy efficiency. China launched its first manned space mission in 2003; it is expected to send its first spacecraft to orbit the moon before year’s end. In July, the China Internet Network Information Center reported that 162 million Chinese were connected to the Web; while that remains just a fraction of the nation’s 1.3 billion people, in the first half of this year, an average of 100 new residents per minute logged on for the first time.

According to CAST, China’s total investment in research and development nearly tripled between 2000 through 2005. A 2006 report by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) called the R&D spending increases “unprecedented for any country in recent memory.”

(l-r) Chen Sai-juan, vice chair of CAST; Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven, Henry R. Luce Professor of Health and Human Rights at Trinity College; and Shen Wenqing, vice president of National Natural Science Foundation of China.

In the bilateral talks and at the 2-day AAAS/CAST conference—”China-U.S. Workshop on Scientists’ Social and Ethical Responsibilities”—Chinese science officials discussed lessons learned and new approaches they are taking to address some of the challenges created by the dynamic growth of their scientific enterprise. Participants on both sides shared their experiences dealing with ethical lapses and other more serious misconduct resulting from this high-stakes environment.

During their meeting, Leshner and Wan Gang, China’s S&T minister, discussed their views on the role of increased science competition in developing strong science in both countries, as well as the pressures to succeed confronting students and researchers at every level.

Qian Yi, a professor and environmental scientist at Tsinghua University, described several cases in which advanced students were caught in violations—falsifying a C.V., falsely claiming authorship of a paper, theft of research data. In one case, she said, an accomplished young scholar committed an infraction because he was competing for a major academic prize. “He was trying to make himself perfect,” she said.

Shen Wenqing, vice president of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, said his organization created an ethics panel in 1998. From that year through 2004, he said, the committee received an average of 92 complaints a year and averaged about nine enforcement actions. In 2006, he said, 150 complaints generated 50 disciplinary actions.

Scholars and science policy experts in the U.S. delegation found the problems remarkably similar to those at home. The conference demonstrated that integrity “has been recognized as a key national issue by the highest level of the Chinese science communities,” said William Y. Chang, director of the NSF Beijing office.

Karen Holbrook, the former president of Ohio State University, added that she was struck “by how very similar we are in our beliefs about the need for science and scientists to demonstrate complete integrity in their work—that it is a responsibility and implicit in the privilege of conducting scientific investigation.”

Chinese S&T leaders and members of the AAAS delegation said the budding relationship should lead to collaboration on a variety of issues, including scholar exchange programs; science museums and public engagement; and sustainability.

Creating opportunities for continuing engagement made the China trip “tremendously important” for both countries, Leshner said. “I believe it sends a very important signal to the rest of the global scientific community about our shared seriousness about these critical issues.”

More China News and Photos

See other stories about the landmark AAAS visit to China:
AAAS and Chinese S&T Organizations Sign Landmark Agreements to Build Collaboration
Beijing Conference Explores Causes—and Solutions—for Global S&T Ethics Challenge

See photos from the bilateral meetings and the Workshop on Scientists’ Social and Ethical Responsibilities.


Black Colleges Event Explores Road to Success

African-American undergraduate students often find a nurturing environment at historically black colleges and universities but must make connections outside of these schools if they want to be successful researchers, education experts advised a gathering of the young scientists this month.

Prominent researchers gathered at the National Science Foundation Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) conference, held 4 to 7 October and organized by AAAS, urged their soon-to-be-colleagues to get outside the classroom as much as possible to experience the rigors of a real-life science career.

“It is very important that young scientists connect into the larger scientific community by publishing, networking and getting internships,” said Camille McKayle, National Science Foundation Program Director for HBCU-UP. “[Research] is not about staying within your own comfort zone, but rather stepping outside.”

Students attending the meeting, one of the nation’s largest for African-American undergraduate scientists, had many opportunities to step out of that comfort zone, including sessions where they were grilled on their research methods and participated in networking exercises among more than 700 students and faculty in attendance.

Speakers also praised the job that HBCUs are doing to produce a new generation of minority researchers. In a written statement to the group, Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) said HBCUs provide a learning environment that allows students of color to learn skills and gain confidence to achieve in any environment. In 2000, HBCUs graduated 40% or more of all African Americans who received degrees in physics, chemistry, astronomy, environmental sciences, mathematics, and biology, according to Johnson.

The conference was arranged by AAAS with a 3-year, $975,000 NSF grant, but the organizers hope to find additional co-sponsors for the 2008 meeting. “We had a long waiting list for exhibitors and heard over and over from professors that they wanted to bring more students but just did not have the travel money,” said Yolanda George, deputy director of Education and Human Resources at AAAS. “Those are great signs, and we hope to harness that enthusiasm next year.”

—Benjamin Somers and Molly McElroy

2007 Election

AAAS Council Reminder

The next meeting of the AAAS Council will take place during the AAAS Annual Meeting and will begin at 9:00 a.m. on 17 February 2008 in Boston, Massachusetts, in the Republic Ballroom of the Sheraton Boston Hotel.

Individuals or organizations wishing to present proposals or resolutions for possible consideration by the Council should submit them in written form to the AAAS Chief Executive Officer Alan Leshner by 19 November 2007. This will allow time for them to be considered by the Committee on Council Affairs at their fall meeting. Items should be consistent with AAAS’s objectives and be appropriate for consideration by the Council. Resolutions should be in the traditional format, beginning with “Whereas” statements and ending with “Therefore be it resolved.”

Late proposals or resolutions delivered to the AAAS Chief Executive Officer in advance of the February 2008 Open Hearing of the Committee on Council Affairs will be considered provided that they deal with urgent matters and are accompanied by a written explanation of why they were not submitted by the November deadline. The Committee on Council Affairs will hold its open hearing at 2:30 p.m. on 16 February 2008 in the Commonwealth Room of the Sheraton Boston.

Summaries of the Council meeting agenda will be available during the annual meeting at both the AAAS Information Desk and in the AAAS Headquarters office. A copy of the full agenda will also be available for inspection in the Headquarters Office in the Hynes Convention Center.

AAAS Members Elected as Fellows

In October, the AAAS Council elected 471 members as Fellows of AAAS. These individuals will be recognized for their contributions to science and technology at the Fellows Forum to be held on 16 February 2008 during the AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston. The new Fellows will receive a certificate and a blue and gold rosette as a symbol of their distinguished accomplishments. Presented by section affiliation, they are:

Section on Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources

Lajpat R. Ahuja, U.S. Department of Agriculture • J. Ole Becker, University of California, Riverside • Henry Daniell, University of Central Florida • Mark B. David, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Peter J. Hansen, University of Florida • Andrew Hiatt, Mapp Biopharmaceutical, Inc. • Zhanjiang Liu, Auburn University • Steven A. Lommel, North Carolina State University • Joyce Loper, U.S. Department of Agriculture • John M. Norman, University of Wisconsin-Madison • Jeffrey F. Pedersen, U.S. Department of Agriculture • Robert E. Sharp, University of Missouri-Columbia • David R. Shaw, GeoResources Institute, Mississippi State University • Richard Stouthamer, University of California, Riverside • Jeremy F. Taylor, University of Missouri-Columbia • Barbara Valent, Kansas State University • Robert Zeigler, International Rice Research Institute

Section on Anthropology

Alan H. Bittles, Edith Cowan University • Peter T. Ellison, Harvard University • Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Cleveland Museum of Natural History • Richard F. Kay, Duke University • Timothy Kohler, Washington State University • Carl A. Maida, University of California, Los Angeles • Sally McBrearty, University of Connecticut • Stephen T. McGarvey, Brown University Medical School • Dennis H. O’Rourke, University of Utah • Peter J. Richerson, University of California, Davis • Robert V. Riordan, Wright State University • Lawrence M. Schell, University at Albany, State University of New York • Sara Stinson, City University of New York, Queens College • Linda D. Wolfe, East Carolina University

Section on Astronomy

Paul D. Feldman, The Johns Hopkins University • John T. Gosling, University of Colorado • Ronald Greeley, Arizona State University • Carle M. Pieters, Brown University • S. Alan Stern, Southwest Research Institute • John H. Thomas, University of Rochester • Joel E. Tohline, Louisiana State University

Section on Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences

Donald R. Blake, University of California, Irvine • Judith A. Curry, Georgia Institute of Technology • Russell R. Dickerson, University of Maryland • Seyed M. Hassanizadeh, Utrecht University • Philip K. Hopke, Clarkson University • Conway B. Leovy, University of Washington • Dennis P. Lettenmaier, University of Washington • W. Timothy Liu, Jet Propulsion Laboratory • Paul A. Mayewski, University of Maine • Donald J. Wuebbles, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Section on Biological Sciences

Farid E. Ahmed, East Carolina University • John F. Alderete, University of Texas Health Science Center • J. David Archibald, San Diego State University • Steven E. Artandi, Stanford University School of Medicine • Karen Artzt, University of Texas at Austin • Laura D. Attardi, Stanford University • Aimée H. Bakken, University of Washington • Bonnie Bartel, Rice University • Mark A. Batzer, Louisiana State University • Philip W. Becraft, Iowa State University • Marlene Belfort, University at Albany, State University of New York • Judith Berman, University of Minnesota • Stephen M. Beverley, Washington University School of Medicine • Debashish Bhattacharya, University of Iowa • Pamela J. Bjorkman, California Institute of Technology • Jef D. Boeke, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine • Kathleen Boris-Lawrie, Ohio State University • Toby Bradshaw Jr., University of Washington • Steven P. Briggs, University of California, San Diego • Morris J. Birnbaum, University of Pennsylvania • Douglas G. Capone, University of Southern California • Martin Chalfie, Columbia University • Perng-Kuang Chang, U.S. Department of Agriculture • Robert W. Chapman, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources • Ambrose L. Cheung, Dartmouth Medical School • Sarah F. Covert, University of Georgia • Elizabeth A. Craig, University of Wisconsin-Madison • Larry B. Crowder, Duke University Marine Laboratory • Michael R. Culbertson, University of Wisconsin-Madison • Jim E. Cutler, Children’s Hospital of New Orleans • Salil K. Das, Meharry Medical College • R. Kelly Dawe, University of Georgia • Titia de Lange, Rockefeller University • Raymond J. Deshaies, California Institute of Technology • Ann E. Desjardins, U.S. Department of Agriculture • Claude Desplan, New York University • John F. X. Diffley, Cancer Research UK • Machi F. Dilworth, National Science Foundation • Walter H. Doerfler, Erlangen University Medical School • William L. Duax, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute • Anindya Dutta, University of Virginia School of Medicine • William C. Earnshaw, University of Edinburgh • Walter Eckhart, Salk Institute • Howard J. Edenberg, Indiana University School of Medicine • David R. Engelke, University of Michigan • Ellen H. Fanning, Vanderbilt University • Robert L. Fischer, University of California, Berkeley • Errol C. Friedberg, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School • Elaine Fuchs, Rockefeller University • Philip Furmanski, Rutgers University • George M. Garrity, Michigan State University • Sankar Ghosh, Yale University School of Medicine • Stephen P. Goff, Columbia University • Yale E. Goldman, University of Pennsylvania • J. Eric Gouaux Jr., Oregon Health & Sciences University • Barbara J. Graves, University of Utah • Nig D.F. Grindley, Yale University • Mary Lou Guerinot, Dartmouth College • Thomas J. Guilfoyle, University of Missouri-Columbia • James F. Gusella, Massachusetts General Hospital • Gerald L. Hazelbauer, University of Missouri-Columbia • Michael O. Hengartner, University of Zurich • Robert K. Herman, University of Minnesota • Craig S. Hood, Loyola University • Steven C. Huber, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Dan E. Hultmark, Umeå University • Laurinda A. Jaffe, University of Connecticut Health Center • Anthony C. Janetos, Joint Global Change Research Institute • Lee F. Johnson, Ohio State University • Samuel Kaplan, University of Texas-Houston Medical School • Thomas C. Kaufman, Indiana University • Ann P. Kinzig, Arizona State University • Ivor T. Knight, Canon U.S. Life Sciences • Mimi A.R. Koehl, University of California, Berkeley • Leonid Kruglyak, Princeton University • Robb Krumlauf, Stowers Institute for Medical Research • Ira Michael Leffak, Wright State University School of Medicine • Greg E. Lemke, Salk Institute for Biological Studies • Maxine L. Linial, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center • Carol D. Litchfield, George Mason University • Stephen P. Long, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Michael Mallin, University of North Carolina, Wilmington • Douglas A. Marchuk, Duke University Medical Center • Robert P. Mecham, Washington University School of Medicine • John M. Melack, University of California, Santa Barbara • Jan A. Miernyk, U.S. Department of Agriculture • Nancy A. Moran, University of Arizona • Subbaratnam Muthukrishnan, Kansas State University • William C. Nierman, The Institute for Genomic Research • Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Iowa State University • Kevin Padian, University of California, Berkeley • David C. Page, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research • Ken N. Paige, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Leslie V. Parise, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill • William R. Pearson, University of Virginia School of Medicine • John R. Perfect, Duke University Medical Center • Naomi E. Pierce, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology • Helen M. Piwnica-Worms, Washington University School of Medicine • Stephen Polasky, University of Minnesota • Thomas M. Powell, University of California, Berkeley • Jack Preiss, Michigan State University • Daniel Promislow, University of Georgia • Thomas C. Quinn, The Johns Hopkins University • Tom A. Ranker, University of Hawai’i at Manoa • Guritno Roesijadi, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • Peter P. Rogers, Harvard University • Michael Rosbash, Brandeis University • Amy C. Rosenzweig, Northwestern University • Jack A. Roth, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center • James E. Rothman, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons • Leona D. Samson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Suzanne B. Sandmeyer, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine • Gottfried Schatz, University of Basel • Randy W. Schekman, University of California, Berkeley • Gertrud M. Schüpbach, Princeton University • Thomas W. Scott, University of California, Davis • Ganes C. Sen, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • John Shanklin, Brookhaven National Laboratory • Janet L. Smith, University of Michigan • George F. Sprague, Jr., University of Oregon • Peter J. Stambrook, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center • Thomas A. Steitz, Yale University • Ursula B. Storb, University of Chicago • F. William Studier, Brookhaven National Laboratory • Jay A. Tischfield, Rutgers University • Paula Traktman, Medical College of Wisconsin • Michael J. Wade, Indiana University • Kirk O. Winemiller, Texas A&M University • Jianguo Wu, Arizona State University • Ying Xu, University of Georgia • Kenneth S. Zaret, Fox Chase Cancer Center • Barbara A. Zilinskas, Rutgers University • Miriam E. Zolan, Indiana University

Section on Chemistry

Paul T. Anastas, Yale University • Anthony J. Arduengo III, University of Alabama • Guillermo C. Bazan, University of California, Santa Barbara • Jeremy M. Berg, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH • Hendrik Bluhm, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory • Christopher E.D. Chidsey, Stanford University • Steven G. Clarke, University of California, Los Angeles • Wilfredo Colón, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute • Vicki L. Colvin, Rice University • Robert M. Corn, University of California, Irvine • Benjamin F. Cravatt, III, Scripps Research Institute • Hugh C. De Long, Air Force Office of Scientific Research • Ulrike Diebold, Tulane University • D. Jamie Donaldson, University of Toronto • Galen B. Fisher, Delphi Research Laboratories • Miguel A. Garcia-Garibay, University of California, Los Angeles • John A. Gerlt, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Gregory S. Girolami, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Gary D. Glick, University of Michigan • J. Devens Gust Jr., Arizona State University • Linda C. Hsieh-Wilson, California Institute of Technology • Klavs F. Jensen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Zakya H. Kafafi, Naval Research Laboratory • Sabre Kais, Purdue University • T. Ross Kelly, Boston College • Robert T. Kennedy, University of Michigan • Judith Klinman, University of California, Berkeley • David W. Koppenaal, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • John D. Lipscomb, University of Minnesota • Gang-yu Liu, University of California, Davis • Jun Liu, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • John A. Lowe III, Pfizer, Inc. • Yi Lu, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • David W. Lynch, Iowa State University • Richard L. Martin, Los Alamos National Laboratory • Joe V. Michael, Argonne National Laboratory • Gordon J. Miller, Iowa State University • Andrew D. Miranker, Yale University • Shahriar Mobashery, University of Notre Dame • Tom W. Muir, Rockefeller University • Fred R. Naider, College of Staten Island • Daniel G. Nocera, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Albert Padwa, Emory University • Jacob W. Petrich, Iowa State University • Anna M. Pyle, Yale University • Jeffrey T. Roberts, University of Minnesota • Scott D. Rychnovsky, University of California, Irvine • Lanny D. Schmidt, University of Minnesota • Steven D. Schwartz, Albert Einstein College of Medicine • Athan J. Shaka, University of California, Irvine • Scott K. Silverman, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Howard S. Taylor, University of Southern California • Lai-Sheng Wang, Washington State University • Ronald W. Woodard, University of Michigan • Xiao Cheng Zeng, University of Nebraska-Lincoln • Jin Z. Zhang, University of California, Santa Cruz

Section on Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences

Susan R. Mallery, Ohio State University • Laurie K. McCauley, University of Michigan • Peter J. Polverini, University of Michigan • Paulette Spencer, University of Missouri-Kansas City

Section on Education

Norman J. Chonacky, Yale University • Linda K. Froschauer, Weston (CT) Middle School • Warren W. Hein, American Association of Physics Teachers • David A. Micklos, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory • Sheldon M. Schuster, Keck Graduate Institute • Sherry A. Southerland, Florida State University • Marilyn Suiter, National Science Foundation • Sandra West Moody, Texas State University

Section on Engineering

Pulickel M. Ajayan, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute • Nadine N. Aubry, Carnegie Mellon University • Alexander A. Balandin, University of California, Riverside • Sanjay Banerjee, University of Texas at Austin • Robert F. Cleveland Jr., EMF Consulting • Thomas A. Cruse, Air Force Research Laboratory • Peter T. Cummings, Vanderbilt University • Paul E. Dimotakis, California Institute of Technology • Brig Elliott, BBN Technologies • Jeffrey P. Freidberg, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Somnath Ghosh, Ohio State University • Steven M. Girvin, Yale University • Chennupati Jagadish, Australian National University • George E. Klinzing, University of Pittsburgh • Julia A. Kornfield, California Institute of Technology • Raphael C. Lee, University of Chicago • Ching-Chung Li, University of Pittsburgh • Bindu N. Lohani, Asian Development Bank • Toh-Ming Lu, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute • Pinaki Mazumder, University of Michigan • James L. Merz, University of Notre Dame • Chrysostomos L. Nikias, University of Southern California • Patrick G. O’Shea, University of Maryland • Yannis A. Phillis, Technical University of Crete • Fritz B. Prinz, Stanford University • Govind Rao, University of Maryland, Baltimore County • Robert J. Schoelkopf, Yale University • Edmund G. Seebauer, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Marion J. Soileau Jr., University of Central Florida • Joseph M. Sussman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology • Krishnaiyan Thulasiraman, University of Oklahoma • Nai-Chang Yeh, California Institute of Technology • Peter W. Zandstra, University of Toronto • Jean W. Zu, University of Toronto

Section on General Interest in Science and Engineering

Peggy Connolly, Wheaton, IL • Terry Devitt, University of Wisconsin-Madison • Robert J. Griffin, Marquette University • Nigel Hey, Albuquerque, NM • Paul Kearns, Battelle Italia • Robert C. Marlay, U.S. Department of Energy • S. Holly Stocking, Indiana University

Section on Geology and Geography

Richard B. Alley, Pennsylvania State University • Michael A. Arthur, Pennsylvania State University • Donald E. Canfield, University of Southern Denmark • Michael A. Church, University of British Columbia • Bruce H. Corliss, Duke University • Ruth S. DeFries, University of Maryland • Larissa F. Dobrzhinetskaya, University of California, Riverside • Jerome E. Dobson, University of Kansas • Edward S. Grew, University of Maine • Michael F. Hochella Jr., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University • Ken C. Macdonald, University of California, Santa Barbara • Edward J. Malecki, Ohio State University • John C. Mutter, Columbia University • Fred M. Phillips, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology • Maureen E. Raymo, Boston University • Jeffrey J. Saunders, Illinois State Museum • Maria T. Zuber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Section on History and Philosophy of Science

Roger D. Launius, National Air and Space Museum • Naomi Oreskes, University of California, San Diego • Robert C. Richardson, University of Cincinnati

Section on Industrial Science and Technology

Jennie C. Hunter-Cevera, University of Maryland • Roger J. Narayan, University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University • Steven J. Schwartz, Ohio State University

Section on Information, Computing, and Communication

Werner Braun, University of Texas Medical Branch • C. Sidney Burrus, Rice University • Jin-Yi Cai, University of Wisconsin-Madison • Andrew A. Chien, Intel Corporation • Tom Dietterich, Oregon State University • Stuart I. Feldman, Google, Inc. • Jean-Luc Gaudiot, University of California, Irvine • Michael T. Goodrich, University of California, Irvine • David Harel, Weizmann Institute of Science • John L. King, University of Michigan • David J. Lilja, University of Minnesota • Maja J. Mataric, University of Southern California • David A. Patterson, University of California, Berkeley • David M. Rocke, University of California, Davis • John R. Rumble, Information International Associates • David E. Shaw, D. E. Shaw and Co., Inc. • James J. Thomas, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • Fei-Yue Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences • Jeannette Wing, National Science Foundation

Section on Linguistics and Language Science

Mark C. Baker, Rutgers University • Ursula Bellugi, Salk Institute for Biological Studies • Mark Liberman, University of Pennsylvania • Joan Maling, National Science Foundation • David Poeppel, University of Maryland

Section on Mathematics

Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Arizona State University • Tony F. Chan, National Science Foundation • Bruno Nachtergaele, University of California, Davis • Lawrence Sirovich, Mount Sinai School of Medicine • Robert J. Zimmer, University of Chicago

Section on Medical Sciences

Wendy C. Brown, Washington State University • Joan S. Brugge, Harvard Medical School • John C. Byrd, Ohio State University • Larry J. Copeland, Ohio State University • Madeleine W. Cunningham, Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center • Terence S. Dermody, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine • Matthew J. During, Ohio State University • Felton Earls, Harvard Medical School • Isaiah J. Fidler, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center • Ruth L. Fischbach, Columbia University Medical Center • Jeffrey A. Gelfand, Massachusetts General Hospital • Jonathan D. Gitlin, Washington University School of Medicine • Eduardo A. Groisman, Washington University School of Medicine • Jerome E. Groopman, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center • Stanley L. Hazen, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • Stephen L. Hoffman, Sanaria Inc. • Tomas Kirchhausen, Harvard Medical School • Richard J. Kuhn, Purdue University • Nirbhay Kumar, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health • Stanley M. Lemon, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston • David D. Lo, University of California, Riverside • David M. Murray, Ohio State University • Donald W. Nicholson, Merck Research Laboratories • John E. Niederhuber, National Cancer Institute • David J. Prieur, Washington State University • Stephen J. Qualman, Columbus Children’s Research Institute • Derek Raghavan, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • Richard M. Ransohoff, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • Thomas A. Rapoport, Harvard Medical School • Harriet Robinson, Emory University School of Medicine • Steven D. Rosen, University of California, San Francisco • David G. Russell, Cornell University • H. Steven Seifert, Northwestern University Medical School • Theresa A.B. Shapiro, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine • John Y.-J. Shyy, University of California, Riverside • Roy L. Silverstein, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • Mark F. Stinski, University of Iowa • Bruce D. Trapp, Cleveland Clinic Foundation • George C. Tsokos, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center • Kenneth L. Tyler, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center • Mark C. Udey, National Cancer Institute • David Valle, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine • Walter C. Willett, Harvard School of Public Health • David A. Williams, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center • Jason X.-J. Yuan, University of California, San Diego

Section on Neuroscience

Susan G. Amara, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine • Carol A. Barnes, University of Arizona • Vincent F. Castellucci, University of Montreal • Moses V. Chao, New York University School of Medicine • Howard Eichenbaum, Boston University • Christine M. Gall, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine • John E. Heuser, Washington University School of Medicine • Gordon M. Shepherd, Yale University School of Medicine • Jean C. Shih, University of Southern California

Section on Pharmaceutical Sciences

Kenneth K. Chan, Ohio State University • Ann-Lii Cheng, National Taiwan University Hospital • William J. Greenlee, Schering Plough Research Institute • René H. Levy, University of Washington • John Mauger, University of Utah • Dennis B. McKay, Ohio State University • Palmer Taylor, University of California, San Diego • Kenneth D. Tew, Medical University of South Carolina

Section on Physics

Abhay Ashtekar, Pennsylvania State University • Arden L. Bement Jr., National Science Foundation • Ilan Ben-Zvi, Brookhaven National Laboratory • Herbert Berk, University of Texas at Austin • Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory • Thomas J. Bowles, Los Alamos National Laboratory • Richard J. Briggs, Science Applications International Corporation • James R. Chelikowsky, University of Texas at Austin • William B. Colson, Naval Postgraduate School • Tómas Díaz de la Rubia, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory • Alexander J. Dragt, University of Maryland • Sandra M. Faber, University of California, Santa Cruz • Benedict Feinberg, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory • Michael E. Flatté, University of Iowa • Richard J. Furnstahl, Ohio State University • Charles Gale, McGill University • Wilhelm B. Gauster, Sandia National Laboratories • Richard J. Hawryluk, Princeton University • Julia W. Hsu, Sandia National Laboratories • Peter D. Johnson, Brookhaven National Laboratory • Jorge V. José, University at Buffalo, State University of New York • Henry C. Kapteyn, University of Colorado at Boulder • Richard T. Kouzes, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • Paul D. Lett, National Institute of Standards and Technology • Adrian L. Melott, University of Kansas • Herbert A. Mook, Oak Ridge National Laboratory • Franco Nori, University of Michigan • Jeffrey D. Richman, University of California, Santa Barbara • Donald C. Shapero, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council • Gregory Timp, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Akira Tonomura, Hitachi Advanced Research Laboratory • Rick P. Trebino, Georgia Institute of Technology

Section on Psychology

Nalini Ambady, Tufts University • Shimon Amir, Concordia University • Mary A. Carskadon, Brown University School of Medicine • Randall W. Engle, Georgia Institute of Technology • Mary Gauvain, University of California, Riverside • Paul W. Glimcher, New York University • Stephen P. Hinshaw, University of California, Berkeley • Arthur S. Reber, Brooklyn College, City University of New York • Kenneth J. Sher, University of Missouri-Columbia • Helen Tager-Flusberg, Boston University School of Medicine • Ellen A. Wartella, University of California, Riverside

Section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences

Lawrence D. Bobo, Stanford University • William P. Butz, Population Reference Bureau • Burton Clark, University of California, Los Angeles • William C. Clark, Harvard University • Karen S. Cook, Stanford University • Anil B. Deolalikar, University of California, Riverside • James A. Edmonds, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • Guillermina Jasso, New York University • Linda M. Lobao, Ohio State University • Richard H. Moss, United Nations Foundation • Richard B. Norgaard, University of California, Berkeley

Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering

Samuel F. Baldwin, U.S. Department of Energy • Margaret R. Goud Collins, The National Academies • Lisbeth Gronlund, Union of Concerned Scientists • Barbara Herr Harthorn, University of California, Santa Barbara • Kerri-Ann Jones, Castine, ME • Gretchen B. Jordan, Sandia National Laboratories • Cheryl B. Leggon, Georgia Institute of Technology

Section on Statistics

Paul P. Biemer, RTI International • Emery N. Brown, Massachusetts General Hospital • Rebecca W. Doerge, Purdue University • Mary A. Foulkes, George Washington University • Nicholas P. Jewell, University of California, Berkeley • Melvin L. Moeschberger, Ohio State University