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Physical sciences/Physics/Optics/Light/Sunlight

Nuclear energy R&D would make some gains while the numbers for other low-carbon energy technology programs vary in the current House bill.

On a quest to locate water and other volatile minerals in the Moon’s soil, the LCROSS experiment—Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite—hurtled a spent Centaur rocket into a dark crater at the lunar South Pole last year. The crater, known as Cabeus, is one of the permanently shadowed regions of the Moon, and researchers believe it is also one of the coldest.