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Social sciences/Social studies of science

The AAAS Arctic Division will hold its 2012 annual meeting jointly with the 15th triennial International Congress on Circumpolar Health, where representatives of nine Arctic nations and other interested participants will gather to discuss the science and policy related to a broad range of health issues that affect people who live in the Far North.

Humans show different patterns of brain activity when they’re deciding to bluff against either a human or computer poker opponent, a new study in the 6 July issue of Science reveals. The unique experiment demonstrates how the action of social decision-making differs from non-social decision-making in the brain.

When it comes to social hierarchy in wild baboons, top-ranking or “alpha” males have higher stress hormone levels than second-ranking males, suggesting that being at the very top of baboon society may be more costly than previously thought, reports a new study in the 15 July issue of the journal Science.

A new molecular map reveals protein “social networks” in the brain that could potentially be targeted by drugs to treat several different forms of autism, according to a new study in Science Translational Medicine.

The findings in the 8 June issue of the journal describe how proteins associated with autism interact with hundreds of other proteins, and may serve as a platform for discovering new genes related to autism disorders.

Spring break season is here and many teenage girls may be tempted to take their first drink. The AAAS Science Inside Alcohol Project suggests that parents, teachers and caregivers help girls delay that drink by telling them of scientific research that shows they may be more vulnerable than boys to alcohol-related problems.