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Historic Fellows

AAAS Featured Fellow for July

Rosalind Cartwright (1922-2021)

Elected AAAS Fellow in 1978 (Section on Psychology)

This July, AAAS is honoring Dr. Rosalind Cartwright, a true titan in the field of sleep medicine and research.

Born in New York City in 1922, Rosalind, affectionately known as “Roz,” was the second youngest of four children to Henry and Stella Falk. Her mother was reportedly fascinated with the power of sleep and dreams which is likely where Dr. Cartwright’s interest in studying sleep began. In 1945, she received her Bachelor’s degree in Psychology at the University of Toronto and would continue on there to receive her Master’s the next year. Her PhD in Social Psychology would come from Cornell University in 1949. And after three years of teaching, she would go on to partner with Dr. Carl Rogers who at the time was beginning to conduct a new vein of research into client-focused psychotherapy — different from the prevailing psychoanalytic method at the time. 

Together, they wrote the book Psychotherapy and Personality Change (1954) leading to a transformation in the field of psychology in how it compared client-centered therapy to a control group with objective outcome measures. In 1962, she would then go on to start a lab at the University of Illinois College of Medicine in Chicago — shifting her studies to sleep analysis and focusing on the relationship between REM sleep and dreaming. Through a series of research studies, over nearly half a century, she would find (among other things) that “sleep is like a built-in physician and dreams an internal psychotherapist; that good sleep rests and restores our weary bodies and that good dreams temper our emotional responses to new experiences,” (found in Twenty-Four Hour Mind: The Role of Sleep and Dreaming in Our Emotional Lives by Dr. Cartwright, 2010).

Dr. Cartwright will be remembered for her extraordinary and groundbreaking work in sleep analysis and has been affectionately nicknamed as the “Queen of Dreams.” In a field dominated by men, she left her mark as a trailblazer for many women in the field, being the first woman on a NIMH study section and the first woman to receive the SRS Distinguished Scientist Award (2002).

Historic Fellows Listing

“Fellows shall be nominated ... from such of the members as are professionally engaged in science, or have by their labors aided in advancing science.”

AAAS Constitution
Adopted by the Standing Committee
12 August 1874

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is proud to present a historic list of distinguished members elected to the status of Fellow from the honor’s inception to the present day. These individuals are recognized for their extraordinary achievements across disciplines, and AAAS commends their dedication and commitment. Election to Fellow is a lifetime honor.

This is a historic list, therefore each Fellow’s institution at the time of election will be noted (where the historic records do not provide an institution, we have included a geographic region), along with the disciplinary section through which they were nominated, and year of election. This is a static list and will only be modified once a year to include the most recent class of Fellows.

For a list of AAAS Fellows who have maintained active member status with the organization (and therefore may serve as a sponsor on a new Fellow nomination), please refer to the list found here.

For general information on nominating Fellows, please refer to this page.

Should you have any questions about this historic list, please email:

Last Name When Elected Sort descending Year Elected State/Province Country Section Institutional Affiliation Status Year Status Changed
Hammel, P Chris 2005
Hammer, David 2021 Massachusetts United States Education Tufts University
Hammer, Muriel 1966 New York United States Anthropology / Information and Communication
Hammer, Carl 1969 District of Columbia United States Mathematics / Engineering
Hammer, William 1906 New York United States
Hammer, Robert 1966 Chemistry Michigan State University
Hammer, Oscar 1949 Agriculture / Zoological Sciences Dow Chemical Company
Hammer, David 2003 Physics Cornell University
Hammer, Peter 1972 Mathematics University of Waterloo (Canada)
Hammer, Preston 1963 Wisconsin United States Geology and Geography / Zoological Sciences
Hammerling, James 1959 Nova Scotia Canada Medical Sciences
Hammerschmidt, Wm. 1966 Virginia United States Astronomy / History and Philosophy of Science
Hammerstedt, Roy 2000 Chemistry BioPore, Inc.
Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon 2013 Chemistry University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Hammett, Frederick 1921 Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology
Hamming, Richard 1960 Mathematics / Astronomy Bell Telephone Laboratories
Hammon, H. 1959 Pharmaceutical Sciences Battelle Memorial Institute
Hammond, George 1918 New York United States
Hammond, Thomas 1943 Texas United States Schreiner Institute
Hammond, William 1933 Ohio United States Antioch College
Hammond, Harry 1934 Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn / Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education
Hammond, John 1901 Colorado United States Astronomy / Geology and Geography
Hammond, Harold 1971 Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences State University of Iowa
Hammond, John 1959 Engineering Hammond Research Corporation
Hammond, Allen 1982 Mathematics American Association for the Advancement of Science