Skip to main content

FY 2025 R&D Appropriations Dashboard

A tool to track science appropriations.

The below dashboard compares White House, House, and Senate spending proposals for science and technology programs in FY 2025. It will be updated regularly as the funding debate unfolds over the spring and summer. Click on different tabs to explore by agency, and mouse over for more detail.


All accounts* now compare to final FY 2024 numbers as of March 25, 2024. 

*Except DARPA, I don't have a final FY 2024 value for that one. 

Hover over the account for more information - this is especially important as many accounts were given flat funding and may appear 'empty' initially. Early on, some accounts will be blank or percentage changes may seem off due to missing data but we are working on getting their numbers out of agency text and will get them up ASAP.  If you have questions or suggestions, contact us.


Please scroll to the right and left to view all data.


Please scroll to the right and left to view all data.


How It Works: In the typical budget process, the White House requests funding for agencies and programs first. Congress then follows with appropriations bills — twelve in all — from the House and Senate. Eventually, legislators in the two chambers negotiate a final agreement for each bill, which is then signed by the President to become law.

The dashboard compares funding changes proposed by the White House, recommended by the House and Senate, and enacted in a final compromise. The data for each account will be regularly updated over the course of the year as legislation moves forward, including amendments.

Major accounts for most research-funding agencies are included. Mouse over account data to show additional information:

  • What It Funds: A short description of what's included in each account.
  • Current and Proposed Budget Authority: The current year's funding (FY 2024) and recommended funding for next year (FY 2025).
  • Net Changes: In dollar amounts and percentages.
  • Notes: Additional details or information beyond basic numbers.

There's also a tab with aggregate R&D totals as estimated by AAAS, which will be updated with House and Senate figures once each chamber has introduced all twelve bills to ensure apples-to-apples comparisons. This tab also contains a legislative tracker to indicate where the major R&D bills (nine out of twelve) are in the process.