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FY 2020 R&D Appropriations Dashboard

The below dashboard compares White House, House, and Senate spending proposals for science and technology programs in FY 2020. It will be updated regularly as the funding debate unfolds over the spring and summer. Click on different tabs to see how different agencies are faring to date, and mouse over for more detail.

How It Works: In the typical budget process, the White House requests funding levels for each agency and program first. Congress then follows with a set of appropriations bills, with the House and Senate working separately. Eventually, legislators in the two chambers must reach a compromise agreement that is sent to the President's desk for a signature. Once signed, appropriations become law for the year.

The dashboard is set up to compare funding changes proposed by the White House, recommended by the House and Senate, and (eventually) enacted in a final compromise. The data for each account will be regularly updated over the course of the year as different spending bills move through the process, including any amendments.

Major funding accounts and programs for most science agencies are covered. Mousing over individual data points will show additional information, including:

  • What It Funds: A short description of what's included in each account.
  • Budget Authority: Total spending level recommended.
  • Notes: Additional information beyond basic numbers.

The final tab shows aggregate data on R&D totals as estimated by AAAS, including basic and applied research, development, and facilities, and the distribution among agencies. This tab will be updated with House and Senate figures once each chamber has introduced all twelve bills, to make sure any comparisons are apples-to-apples. Note that the figures in this tab are only estimates generated from agency and OMB data and appropriations documents.