Historical Trends in Federal R&D

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The below charts and tables present a range of federal R&D data series, including research budgets by agency, character and discipline. Most data come from annual AAAS R&D budget reports. Additionally, some charts below rely on data collected by the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and from the historical tables provided by the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), via the President’s budget request. Constant-dollar conversions (adjusting for inflation) use OMB’s chained price index, found in historical table 10.1 from the most recent budget request. If you have any questions, or are looking for data you don’t see below, contact us.

NOTE: The federal definition of development has been revised. This impacts some data series below. For more, click here.

General Overview | By Agency | By Character | By Discipline | National Totals


General Overview

Series Chart Data Last Update
Defense, Nondefense, and Total R&D, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Federal R&D as a Percent of GDP, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
By Function: Defense and Nondefense R&D, 1953-2017 JPG Excel April 2018
By Function: Nondefense Only, 1953-2017 JPG Excel April 2018
R&D as a Percent of Discretionary Spending, 1962-2017 JPG Excel April 2018
R&D as a Percent of the Total Federal Budget, 1962-2017 JPG Excel April 2018
Federal R&D and Facilities Funding by Performer, 1967-2017 JPG Excel April 2018
U.S. Global Change Research Program Budget JPG Excel November 2016
National Nanotechnology Initiative Budget JPG Excel June 2016
Networking and IT R&D Program Budget JPG Excel June 2016

 

By Agency

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total R&D by Agency, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Trends in Defense R&D, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Dept. of Defense Science & Technology, 1990-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Dept. of Defense R&D by Military Department, 1991-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
National Institutes of Health Budget by Institute, 1998-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
National Institutes of Health Budget by Funding Mechanism, 1998-2017 JPG Excel June 2016
Dept. of Energy R&D, 1997-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
National Science Foundation Budget, 2000-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
U.S. Department of Agriculture R&D, 2000-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Dept. of Commerce R&D, 2000-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Dept. of Homeland Security R&D, 2002-2018 JPG Excel April 2018

 

By Character

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total Research by Agency, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Basic Research by Agency, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Applied Research by Agency, 1976-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Development by Agency, 2000-2018 JPG Excel April 2018
Total Research by Performer, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017
Basic Research by Performer, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017
Applied Research by Performer, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017
Development by Performer, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017

 

By Discipline

Series Chart Data Last Update
Federal Research Funding by Discipline, 1970-2017 JPG Excel July 2018
See also the R&D by Discipline page on this site.

 

National Totals

Series Chart Data Last Update
National R&D By Funder, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017
National R&D By Funder (Share of Total) JPG
National R&D By Performer, 1953-2015 JPG Excel September 2017
National R&D By Performer (Share of Total) JPG
University S&E R&D Funding by Source, 1990-2016 JPG Excel December 2017
International R&D Intensity, 1995-2016 JPG Excel March 2018

 

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