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Key Resources

The following resources are relevant to research, instruction, policy development or other inquiry in the areas of scientific freedom and responsibility. This list is updated as additional relevant resources are developed or become available.

Please contact us if you have a suggestion for additional resources to be be included.


Statements and Reports by AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (2013). Defining the Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and Its Applications.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (2010). Statement On the Human Right to the Benefits of Scientific Progress.

Statements by Other Societies and Associations

2nd World Conference on Research Integrity. (2011). The Singapore Statement on Research Integrity.

3rd World Conference on Research Integrity. (2013). Montreal Statement on Research Integrity in Cross-Boundary Research Collaborations.

American Association of University Professors. (2009). Statement on Professional Ethics.

American Association of University Professors. 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure with 1970 Interpretive Comments.

Global Research Council. (2013). Statement of Principles for Research Integrity.

International Council for Science Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the Conduct of Science. (2008). Statement on promoting the integrity of science and the scientific record.

Joint Society Statement on Scientific Advisors. (2017).

San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA). (2012).

World Science Forum. (2017). Declaration of the 8th World Science Forum on Science for Peace.

Ethics Codes and Training Materials - Responsible Conduct of Research

Chinese Academy of Sciences. (2014). Towards Excellence in Science. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences BCAS, 28(3).

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2015). Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, I. of M. (2009). On Being a Scientist: A guide responsible conduct in research (3rd edition).

IAP-InterAcademy Partnership. (2016). Doing Global Science: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in the Global Research Enterprise. Princeton University Press.

Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2002. Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

OECD. (2015). Scientific Advice for Policy Making: The Role and Responsibility of Expert Bodies and Individual Scientists. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, (21), 49.

Steneck, N. H. (2007). ORI Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity.

Research Articles

Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2005). Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Medicine, 2(8)

Ioannidis, J. P. A., Fanelli, D., Dunne, D. D., Goodman, S. N. (2015). Meta-research: Evaluation and Improvement of Research Methods and Practices. PLOS Biology.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017, April 11). Fostering Integrity in Research.

National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Medicine. (1992, January 1). Responsible Science, Volume I.

The Keystone Center Research Integrity Roundtable. (2012). Improving the Use of Science in Regulator Decision-Making: Dealing with Conflict of Interest and Bias in Scientific Advisory Panels, and Improving Systematic Scientific Reviews.

World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST), & United Nations Educational, S. and C. O. (UNESCO). (2013). Ethical issues in science governance and the science-society relationship-draft report.

Opinion Articles

Alberts, B., Kirschner, M. W., Tilghman, S., & Varmus, H. (2014). Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(16), 5773–7.

Dzombak, D. A. (2017). Crossing Researcher-Public Boundaries. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(3), 1057–1057.

Hicks, D., Wouters, P., Waltman, L., de Rijcke, S., & Rafols, I. (2015). Bibliometrics: The Leiden Manifesto for research metrics. Nature, 520(7548), 429–431.

Jasanoff, S., Hurlbut, B., & Saha, K. (2015). CRISPR Democracy: Gene Editing and the Need for Inclusive Deliberation | Issues in Science and Technology. Issues in Science and Technology, 32(1).

Ethics Centers

Bioethics and Law Observatory (OBD) of the University of Barcelona, Catholic University of Portugal, UNESCO. (2016). The first Declaration of scientific integrity created in Latin countries.

International Network for Government Science Advice.

Research Ethics Program, UC San Diego (2016). Resources for Research Ethics Education.

Sigma Xi, T. S. R. S. (1984). Honor in Science.

UC San Diego. (n.d.). The Center for Ethics in Science & Technology: Resources.

United Nations

Office of the Higher Commissioner. (1976). International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Article 15.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 27 (2).

UNESCO. (2017). Declaration on Ethical Principles in Relation to Climate Change.

UNESCO. (2017). Preparation of a Declaration on Ethical Principles in Relation to Climate Change.

UNESCO. (2017). UNESCO General Conference 39 C/23, Proposal for Revision of the UNESCO Recommendation on the Status of Scientific Researchers (1974). [Adopted 2017, November 13].

UNESCO. (2005). Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.