Profiles of Women in STE in Sudan


Literacy Rate (2003)  49.9%
Primary School Enrollment (2000)  39%
Secondary School Enrollment (1995 – 1999)  20%
Tertiary School Enrollment (2000)  6.6%
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Science
(1990/1991) School Year
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Medicine
(1990/1991) School Year
Percentage of Women among Students Studying Engineering
(1990/1991) School Year)


2006 Female Labor Force Participation Rate:  25%
Wage Equality for Similar Work (Ratio of women’s wage to men’s wage)  N/A
Enterprise-Level Policies to Combat and Prevent Sexual Harassment  N/A
    • The government of Sudan has promised to improve the education system, and provide education to all citizens by 2015, but it is still uncertain whether this goal can be realized. In Darfur, basic human services have been interrupted by conflict, severe drought, and food insecurity. Because of these factors, the school enrollment rate of girls suffers. Of the girls that do attend schools, many drop out before completing four years of primary school, due to poverty, lack of security in the region, early marriage, or gender division of household labor. One of the solutions for increased schooling in pastoral regions is mobile schools. There are many mobile schools; however, they suffer from insufficient funding and lack of teachers. Darfur has one of the lowest enrollment rates in the country, only about 25% of children attend school, and from the pastoral regions, the number falls to 10%. Though government statistics state otherwise, there is a huge gender disparity in the schools. In some schools, one out of every four child is female . Despite these conditions, there are women that continue on to universities to study the sciences.
    • The Ahfad University for Women in Sudan is one of the few all-women’s universities in Africa. The university was founded by Sheikh Babikir Badri, a well-know advocate for women’s education. The university offers six undergraduate schools, including the School of Medicine and the School of Pharmacy. Additionally, the university’s Center for Science and Technology houses research laboratories and the necessary equipment to develop valuable skills and competency for future scientists. One of the graduation requirements of the university is a mandatory community outreach program. During the third academic year, students must live in rural areas to help the women in the areas become vehicles for change. The students impart their knowledge and develop and organize programs to help these women.
  • Many women have entered the workforce as labor needs are no longer filled by Sudanese men, who are occupied at war. Although women often support the family, they still face harsh gender inequalities .

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