The AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy has identified several resources that together serve as a primer for understanding the concept of "science diplomacy."

Science Diplomacy Annual Conferences

The AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy, publisher of Science & Diplomacy, hosts an annual one-day conference in the spring. Sessions are recorded and available at the links below and on YouTube.

SAVE THE DATE! Please mark your calendars for Science Diplomacy 2018 on September 14.

Science Diplomacy 2017

The third installment of the Science Diplomacy conference addressed a broad scope of themes, including:

  • Science, technology & innovation for the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Intersection of science with national security, human rights, and environmental resources in border regions
  • Science and security in the Circumpolar Arctic
  • Science diplomacy in small island states
  • Ensuring a sustainable space environment
  • Ocean governance
  • One Health approach to global health diplomacy

Science Diplomacy 2016: Bringing Together Thinkers and Practitioners 

The second annual Science Diplomacy conference focused on facilitating dialogue between academics, students, and practitioners of science diplomacy in the field. Topics included: 

  • COP 21 and climate change
  • Korea as a case study
  • The German Exchange Service (DAAD) in Iran and Egypt
  • International scientific databases
  • Connecting science to policy around the world

Science Diplomacy 2015: Scientific Drivers for Diplomacy

The 2015 conference built not only on the policy issues that had been discussed in previous conferences and workshops but critically addressed the scientific drivers for diplomacy. Topics included: 

  • Earth and environmental sciences
  • Transboundary and shared resources
  • Institutions and networks
  • Cooperation during political strain

Neureiter Science Diplomacy Roundtable

The Center for Science Diplomacy-sponsored roundtable is named in honor of Dr. Norman Neureiter, a science diplomat who has served in the U.S. Foreign Service and White House, as a senior executive at Texas Instruments, and as the first science and technology adviser to the U.S. Secretary of State, and was initiated on the occasion of his 80th birthday in January 2012. The roundtable, on an annual basis, seeks to address contemporary topics in science diplomacy by bringing together a diverse group of experts, practitioners, and thought leaders in an informal, not-for-attribution dialog that can make real contributions to science diplomacy practice. The first two roundtables were held in Washington, DC, and the third was hosted by the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) in Tokyo.


Science and Diplomacy: A Conceptual Framework
AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy, 2009
This short briefing document outlines the relationship between science and diplomacy, characterized by three basic forms of interaction: diplomacy for science; science in diplomacy; and science for diplomacy. 

New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy
Royal Society and AAAS, January 2010
The report from one of the first international meetings on science diplomacy. The two-day meeting, hosted by the Royal Society (London) and AAAS in June 2009, focused on the international perspectives on the three forms of science and diplomacy and the rising importance of science diplomacy. 

Science & Diplomacy
AAAS, Quarterly Journal
The journal provides a forum for rigorous thought, analysis, and insight to serve stakeholders who develop, implement, or teach all aspects of science and diplomacy. 

National or Regional Approaches

Diplomacy for the 21st Century: Embedding a Culture of Science and Technology Throughout the Department of State 
National Research Council, 2015
This report produced by the U.S. National Academies makes recommendations that the U.S. Department of State can use to take advantage of the United States' science and technology (S&T) capabilities. 

Pervasive Role of Science, Technology, and Health in Foreign Policy: Imperatives for the Department of State [external link]
National Research Council, 1999
This report produced by the U.S. National Academies examined S&T in U.S. foreign policy and argued for increased capacity in the U.S. Department of State to understand S&T dimensions of foreign policy issues. Partly as a result of the study, the position of S&T Adviser to the Secretary of State was created. 

Toward the Reinforcement of Science and Technology Diplomacy [external link]
Japan's Council for Science and Technology Policy, May 2008
One of the few governmental strategic documents focused on science diplomacy, the report from the Japanese government's highest coordinating body for science and technology (S&T) policy provides Japan's perspective of S&T diplomacy and how science and technology and foreign policy can support each other's mutual development. A particular focus is on strategic cooperation with developing countries and Japan's role in international S&T. 

EU International Strategy for Research and Innovation [external link]
European Commission, September 2012
This report focuses on international science cooperation as a way to meet global challenges. 

Science Diplomacy for France [external link]
The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships - Mobility and Attractiveness Policy Directorate), April 2013
This report discusses ways that France can enhance its research contribution to global science and how that relates to support for international strategies. 

Disclaimer: These reports and other resources do not necessarily reflect the views of AAAS, its Council, Board of Directors, officers, or members. AAAS is not responsible for the accuracy of this material. AAAS has made this material available as a public service, but this does not constitute endorsement by the association.