The Research Competitiveness Program (RCP) was established in 1996 under a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). RCP provides independent, expert assessment of university STEM programs, working with more than 30 U.S. states and hundreds of universities in the last 20 years. RCP also supports peer-review systems. We’ve coordinated reviews of more than 8,000 proposals to U.S. and international grant competitions, and we’ve advised and trained agencies on peer-review process. We provide face-to-face workshops with measured impacts on aspects of research competitiveness (such as proposal development), and we’ve also developed online short courses available through the AAAS website. Finally, we support technology innovation and entrepreneurship both through peer-review and through implementing the U.S. Department of State’s GIST Tech-I competition, open to young technology entrepreneurs from 135 emerging economies.