Skip to main content

Historical Trends in Federal R&D

Thumbnail

The below charts and tables present a range of federal R&D data series, including federal research budgets by agency, character and discipline, and some national totals. Most data come from annual AAAS R&D budget reports. Additionally, some charts below rely on data collected by the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and from the historical tables provided by the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), via the President’s budget request. Constant-dollar conversions (adjusting for inflation) use OMB’s chained price index, found in historical table 10.1 from the most recent budget request. If you have any questions, or are looking for data you don’t see below, contact us.

For additional information and functionality, see the AAAS historical R&D budget dashboard.

NOTE: The federal definition of development has been revised. This impacts some data series below. For more, click here.


 

General Overview

Series Chart Data Last Update
Defense, Nondefense, and Total R&D, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Federal R&D as a Percent of GDP, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
By Function: Defense and Nondefense R&D, 1953-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
By Function: Nondefense Only, 1953-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
R&D as a Percent of Discretionary Spending, 1962-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
R&D as a Percent of the Total Federal Budget, 1962-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
Federal R&D and Facilities Funding by Performer, 1967-2018 PNG Excel May 2020
U.S. Global Change Research Program Budget JPG Excel June 2016
National Nanotechnology Initiative Budget JPG Excel September 2019
Networking and IT R&D Program Budget JPG Excel September 2019

 

By Agency

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total R&D by Agency, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Trends in Defense R&D, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Dept. of Defense Science, Tech, and Medical Research, 1990-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
Dept. of Defense R&D by Military Department, 1991-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
National Institutes of Health Budget by Institute, 1990-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
Dept. of Energy R&D, 1990-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
NASA Budget, 2000-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
National Science Foundation Budget, 1990-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
Dept. of Agriculture Research Offices, 1990-2020 PNG Excel May 2020
Dept. of Commerce Budgets and R&D, 1990-2020 PNG Excel June 2020
Dept. of Homeland Security R&D, 2002-2018 PNG Excel July 2020

 

By Character

Series Chart Data Last Update
Total Research by Agency, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Basic Research by Agency, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Applied Research by Agency, 1976-2020 PNG Excel July 2020
Development by Agency, 2000-2018 JPG Excel June 2019

 

By Discipline

Series Chart Data Last Update
Federal Research Funding by Discipline, 1970-2017 JPG Excel June 2019
See also the R&D by Discipline page on this site.

 

National Totals

Series Chart Data Last Update
National R&D By Funder, 1953-2017 JPG Excel June 2019
National R&D By Funder (Share of Total) JPG
National R&D By Performer, 1953-2017 JPG Excel June 2019
National R&D By Performer (Share of Total) JPG
University S&E R&D Funding by Source, 1990-2017 JPG Excel November 2018
International R&D Intensity, 2000-2017 JPG Excel August 2019

 

Back to Main Historical Data Page