Making Sense of the “Broader Impacts” of Science and Technology
Although NSF’s “Broader Impacts” merit review criterion (BIC) has been in effect for ten years, its reception by members of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) community has been mixed. The initial goals of this workshop were to reflect on the rationale behind BIC, as well as to explore whether researchers on science, technology, and society (ROSTS) – from disciplines such as History, Philosophy, Policy Studies, and Science and Technology Studies (STS) – can assist STEM researchers in addressing the “broader impacts” of their research.
[2002-2007] Science and Intellectual Property in the Public Interest
In 2002, AAAS initiated a multi-year project to bring a public interest perspective to science and intellectual property issues. Through that perspective the project examined the scope of the public domain in science, emphasizing equity in access to the benefits of science, and encouraging broad participation in deliberations on matters of intellectual property policy.
 The Life of Galileo
On December 7, 2003, AAAS sponsored a matinee performance of the Bertolt Brecht play, “The Life of Galileo,” at Washington, DC’s Studio Theatre for AAAS members and their families, friends, and staff. The event culminated a series of activities between AAAS and the Theatre to bridge science and theater in ways that were both entertaining and educational.
 30 Years of Fighting Cancer – Reflections on the Past, Challenges for the Future
Nearly thirty years ago, President Richard M. Nixon launched the “War on Cancer,” signing the National Cancer Act on December 23, 1971. The progress in the years since and the work still needed to win this war were discussed at a forum, “30 Years of Fighting Cancer: Reflections on the Past, Challenges for the Future,” co-sponsored by AAAS and Americans for Medical Progress (AMP) on November 7, 2001.
The rapid and enormous expansion of science and technology in the twentieth century has brought with it an increased awareness of the potential impact of the products of scientific discovery on society and the environment. One of the issues that has emerged from this attention to the consequences of scientific research is whether scientists and engineers should swear to an oath of ethical conduct.
[1996-1999] AAAS Projects on Access to Data
Restricting access to data has the potential to impede scientific freedom and discourage the responsible conduct of science by, for example, obscuring data quality and the peer review process. AAAS has voiced its concerns to federal and international bodies on maintaining open, yet responsible access to data, and has co-sponsored a colloquium exploring how secrecy and confidentiality have historically shaped and impacted collaboration among scientists, between scientists and industry, and scientiests and government.
 Minority Perspectives on Values and Ethics in Science and Technology
With funding from the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Mental Health, AAAS and 17 other organizations sponsored a Summer 1991 workshop on values and ethical issues in science and technology for minority scholars. Our primary goal was to attract more minorities into research on these issues.
[1984-1987] Values and Ethics in Organization and Human System Development: Responding to Dilemmas in Professional Life
The evolution of any profession is characterized, in large part, by efforts to increase the influence of ethics in professional life for its members. This process includes efforts to define the principles of ethical conduct for professional activity and to deepen the commitment of members of the profession to those principles. It also includes striving to help members realize the ideals that infuse professional life with meaning.