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BMENA Case Study - Investigation of a community outbreak of typhoid fever associated with drinking water


This case study is based on an article that analyzes an outbreak of suspected typhoid fever in a rural village in Pakistan. This case study has been designed to train participants in identifying, assessing, managing, and communicating biological risks associated with human sample collection; human pathogens; ethical and safety considerations in environmental epidemiology; disadvantaged and/or low-literacy human subjects; and strategies for ethical, safe, and secure collaborations between NGOs and non-academic partners.

The primary risk areas that this case study addresses are:

  • Human subjects protection in low-literacy and impoverished communities
  • Safe and ethical collaboration with non-academic organizations and actors
  • Biosafety in the field and in the laboratory
  • Ethical obligations of researchers to human subjects
  • Misuse of research results
Case Study Documents
Case Study Article                            Facilitators Notes
English  Arabic French
Case Study Case Study Case Study
Participant Packet Participant Packet Participant Packet


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