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Professional Ethics Report: Summer 2014

Cover Story

The Causes, Prevention and Management of Epidemiological Bias: A Workshop Approach

In the News

Medical Professionals Condemn Force-Feeding At Guantanamo Bay
A Call to Revise the 1974 Recommendation on the Status of Scientific Researchers
EPA Pledges Support for Environmental Justice in Indigenous Communities

Resources

Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: A Global Resource

Newly published by Macmillan Reference USA is Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: A Global Resource (ESTE-2), a revised and expanded second edition of the landmark Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics, also published by Macmillan Reference USA. This new edition considers both the professional ethics of science and technology—with entirely new coverage of engineering—and the economic, ethical, political, and cultural issues raised by innovations in an increasingly complex and global society. The broad coverage in this new edition supports an interdisciplinary range of courses in applied and professional ethics in all the disciplines that make up the social and quantitative sciences, and also provides a window on African, Asian (Australian, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Southeast Asian), European, and American (Northern and Southern) perspectives on policies and ethics practices in the fields of science, technology, and engineering. Aimed at students and researchers, ESTE-2 also embodies a historically and culturally inclusive approach, with articles on specific religions, linguistic and cultural perspectives, as well as philosophical positions. Among the new topics considered in this edition are entries on Article 15 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Biometrics; Cybersecurity; Drones; Fracking; Global Research Council; Green Chemistry; Healthcare Ethics; Open Access; Philanthropy; Social Media; and Virtual Environments.

For more details, see gale_catalog_ESTE2

Announcements

CALL FOR PAPERS

Revisiting Daubert: A Look Back at Scientific Expert Testimony and Philosophy

It has been more than 20 years since the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals about the admissibility of scientific expert witness testimony. Within the context of ongoing debates about how to evaluate expert testimony, the Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law (jpsl.org) invites authors to submit new manuscripts that address epistemological, ethical, or other philosophical issues pertaining to Daubert and related legal cases.
Topics suitable for this Call for Papers include but are not limited to:
• Whether Daubert offers a philosophically sound approach to evaluating the legitimacy of expert witness testimony.
• Philosophical issues emerging from post-Daubert cases.
• Whether the U.S. court system has appropriate procedures in place to evaluate expert testimony relating to
emerging technologies, including
neurotechnology, genetics, and surveillance devices.

• Ethical issues relating to the development and use of scientific evidence in the courts.
• Comparative analyses between the standards of expert witness testimony in US and non-US court systems.
Authors should adhere as closely as possible to the Journal’s publication guidelines: http://jpsl.org/submission-information/. Manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract of no more than 200 words.
Authors should submit their manuscripts and abstracts via email attachments no later than November 1, 2014 to Jason Borenstein: Borenstein@gatech.edu. The email subject line should read JPSL Daubert. Accepted manuscripts will be published online in May 2015.

CALL FOR PAPERS

“Collective Responsibility for the Future.” A conference to be held at University College Dublin, 15-16 June, 2015

Sponsored by: School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Ireland and The Jean Beer Blumenfeld Center for Ethics, Georgia State University, USA.
Collectives sometimes unjustly harm people, either intentionally or by accident. Scholars and laypersons increasingly discuss whether and how they can be considered responsible for these wrongs, and what, if anything, those collectives should then do. Some have suggested various forms of reparations, commemoration, or memorialization.
However, the most important lesson to belearned from any instance of historic injustice should be preventing such things from happening again. Since collectives are in a position to cause great harms, and
may have significant resources, they may
have prospective responsibilities to invest in moral, political, and social safeguards against injustice.
This conference will be a forum for presenting recent scholarship on whether, why, how, and what kinds of responsibilities collectives might have with regard to the future. Possible topic areas include:
• joint action and collective agency • collective/group identities • group intentionality and moral responsibility • the distribution of group responsibilities to members • bridging the gap between retrospective and prospective orientations • epistemic limits to assignments of group responsibility • analyses of how responsibilities differently apply to nations/states/peoples • collective rights and responsibilities • the particular challenges of climate change
• collective responsibility and war • and related themes
For information, contact Claire Murata Kooy at kkooy@gsu.edu. Authors of accepted proposals will be notified by mid-February 2015. Completed papers due 20 April, 2015.
Conference registration information: http://ethics.gsu.edu/

CONFERENCE

16th International Conference on Ethics Across the Curriculum: Engaging the Future Responsibly

October 2--4, 2014
Scottsdale, AZ
The Society for Ethics Across the Curriculum’s annual conference will focus on issues and methods regarding responsible engagement of the future:
• Science and Technology Change • Social and Institutional Change • Methods of Public Engagement
Full conference information: http://www.rit.edu/cla/ethics/seac/conferences.html
Register: https://secure.touchnet.net/C20569_ustores/web/store_main.jsp?STOREID=23

CONFERENCE

UNESCO International Conference on Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Medical Law, Jerusalem, Israel (6-8 January, 2015)

The Conference is organized by the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics (Haifa), the Zefat Academic College, and the International Center for Health, Law and Ethics. The Conference is sponsored by UNESCO, the World Medical Association
(WMA), the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), and the World Association for Medical Law (WAML). Target Groups: Teachers and Educators in Medical Schools, Nursing Schools, Law Schools, Schools of Social Work, Faculties of Philosophy and Ethics, Professional Organizations, Governmental & Public Bodies.
Abstracts of approximately 250 words are invited for oral and poster presentations. Deadline for abstract submission: November 30, 2014. For additional information: www.bioethics-conferences.com. For registration, contact: seminars@isas.co.il or tel. +972-2-6520574, Fax +972-2-6520558.

FELLOWSHIP

The Harold T. Shapiro Postdoctoral Fellowship in Bioethics

The University Center for Human Values invites applications for the Harold T. Shapiro Postdoctoral Fellowship in Bioethics. The Shapiro Fellowship supports outstanding scholars studying ethical issues arising from developments in medicine, the biological sciences, or population health.
The Shapiro Fellow will spend from one to three years at Princeton conducting research and teaching the equivalent of one course each year and participating in the Ira W. DeCamp Seminar in Bioethics.
Qualifications: Applicants must have completed all the requirements for the Ph.D., M.D., or other equivalent doctoral degree by September 1, 2015, and must not have held the degree for more than three years by September 1, 2015. However, the proposed research plan should be related to the field of bioethics.
How to Apply: Candidates should submit an online application at https://jobs.princeton.edu. Search for requisition number #1400502.
Materials should be submitted online by November 10, 2014.

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY

Training Modules to Enhance Data Reproducibility

The NIH Research Education Program (R25) supports research education activities in the mission areas of the NIH. The over-arching goal of this NIH R25 program is to support educational activities that complement and/or enhance the training of a workforce to meet the nation’s biomedical, behavioral and clinical research needs and foster a better understanding of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research and its implications. To accomplish the stated over-arching goal, this FOA will support creative educational activities with a primary focus on developing courses for skills development, specifically, training modules for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and beginning investigators designed to enhance data reproducibility.
Earliest Start Date: July 2015.
More information: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-GM-15-006.html

WEBINAR

The Future of Internet Research: What We Can Learn from the Facebook Emotional Contagion Study

Thursday, October 30, 1:00-2:30 PM ET
Researchers Mary L. Gray and Christian Sandvig will discuss a recent study examining the emotional responses of Facebook users and focus on some of the commonly raised questions pertaining to the responsible use of social data in research.
More information: http://www.primr.org/webinars/oct2014/internet/